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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
(Mark One)
þ ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022
OR
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from _________ to ________.

Commission File Number 0-2585
dxyn-20221231_g1.jpg
The Dixie Group, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Tennessee62-0183370
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation of organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
475 Reed Road, Dalton, GA 30720
(706) 876-5800
(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of ClassTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $3.00 par valueDXYNNASDAQ Stock Market, LLC
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Title of class
None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. ¨ Yes þ No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act. ¨ Yes þ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  þ Yes ¨ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulations S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). þ Yes ¨  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer ¨ Accelerated filer ¨ Non-accelerated filer ¨ Smaller reporting company þ     Emerging growth company ¨

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report. ¨

If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements. ¨

Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant's executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to Section 240.10D-1(b). ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). ¨ Yes þ No

The aggregate market value of the Common Stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant on June 24, 2022 (the last business day of the registrant's most recently completed fiscal second quarter) was $20,505,653. The aggregate market value was computed by reference to the closing price of the Common Stock on such date. In making this calculation, the registrant has assumed, without admitting for any purpose, that all executive officers, directors, and holders of more than 10% of a class of outstanding Common Stock, and no other persons, are affiliates. No market exists for the shares of Class B Common Stock, which is neither registered under Section 12 of the Act nor subject to Section 15(d) of the Act.

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant's classes of Common Stock as of the latest practicable date.
ClassOutstanding as of February 24, 2023
Common Stock, $3.00 Par Value14,453,466 shares
Class B Common Stock, $3.00 Par Value1,129,158 shares
Class C Common Stock, $3.00 Par Value— shares
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Specified portions of the following document are incorporated by reference:
Proxy Statement of the registrant for annual meeting of shareholders to be held May 2, 2023 (Part III).
Table of Contents    1



THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.

Index to Annual Report
on Form 10-K for
Year Ended December 31, 2022
PART IPage
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
PART II 
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
PART III 
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
PART IV 
Item 15.
Item 16.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Table of Contents    2




FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

This Report contains statements that may be considered forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Such statements include the use of terms or phrases such as "expects," "estimates," "projects," "believes," "anticipates," "intends," and similar terms and phrases. Such forward-looking statements relate to, among other matters, our future financial performance, business prospects, growth strategies or liquidity. The following important factors may affect our future results and could cause those results to differ materially from our historical results; these factors include, in addition to those "Risk Factors" detailed in Item 1A of this report, and described elsewhere in this document, the cost and availability of capital, raw material and transportation costs related to petroleum price levels, the cost and availability of energy supplies, the loss of a significant customer or group of customers, the ability to attract, develop and retain qualified personnel, materially adverse changes in economic conditions generally in carpet, rug and floorcovering markets we serve and other risks detailed from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

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PART I.

Item 1.    BUSINESS
 
General
 
Our business consists principally of marketing, manufacturing and selling floorcovering products to high-end residential customers through our various sales forces and brands. We focus exclusively on the upper-end of the floorcovering market where we believe we have strong brands and competitive advantages with our style and design capabilities and customer relationships. Our Fabrica, Masland, and Dixie Home brands have a significant presence in the high-end residential floorcovering markets.

Our business participates in markets for soft floorcoverings, which include broadloom carpet and rugs, and hard surfaces, which include luxury vinyl flooring (LVF) and engineered wood. There has been a significant shift in the flooring marketplace as hard surface products have grown at a rate much faster than soft surface products. We responded to this accelerated shift to hard surface flooring by launching several initiatives in hard surface offerings. We launched TRUCOR™ and TRUCOR Prime™ offering LVF products. In 2022, we experienced significant growth in sales of our TRUCOR™ family of products, including our new TRUCOR Boardwalk collection, and our Fabrica Wood program. In 2022, we introduced our new decorative programs, 1866 by Masland and Decor by Fabrica, which are targeted at high end, luxury soft surface markets including wool broadloom and decorative rugs.

We have one reportable segment, Floorcovering.

Our Brands

Our brands are well known, highly regarded and offer meaningful alternatives to the discriminating customer.

Fabrica markets and manufactures luxurious residential carpet, custom rugs, and engineered wood at selling prices that we believe are approximately five times the average for the residential soft floorcovering industry. Its primary customers are interior decorators and designers, selected retailers and furniture stores, luxury home builders and manufacturers of luxury motor coaches and yachts. Fabrica is among the leading premium brands in the domestic marketplace and is known for styling innovation and unique colors and patterns. Fabrica consists of extremely high quality carpets and area rugs in both nylon and wool, with a wide variety of patterns and textures. Fabrica is viewed by the trade as the premier quality brand for very high-end carpet and enjoys an established reputation as a styling trendsetter and a market leader in providing both custom and designer products to the very high-end residential sector.

Masland Residential, founded in 1866, markets and manufactures design-driven specialty carpets and rugs for the high-end residential marketplace. In addition, it offers luxury vinyl flooring products to the marketplace it serves. Its residential broadloom carpet products are marketed at selling prices that we believe are over three times the average for the residential soft floorcovering industry. Its products are marketed through the interior design community, as well as to consumers through specialty floorcovering retailers. Masland Residential has strong brand recognition within the upper-end residential market. Masland Residential competes through innovative styling, color, product design, quality and service.

Dixie Home provides stylishly designed, differentiated products that offer affordable fashion to residential consumers. Dixie Home markets an array of residential tufted broadloom carpet and rugs to selected retailers and home centers under the Dixie Home and private label brands. In addition, it offers luxury vinyl flooring products to the marketplace it serves. Its objective is to make the Dixie Home brand the choice for styling, service and quality in the more moderately priced sector of the high-end residential market. Its products are marketed at selling prices which we believe average two times the soft floorcovering industry's average selling price.

Industry
 
We are a flooring manufacturer in an industry composed of a wide variety of companies from small privately held firms to large multinationals. In 2021, according to the most recent information available, the U.S. floorcovering industry reported $33.6 billion in sales, up approximately 21.7% from the 2020 sales total. In 2021, the primary categories of flooring in the U.S., based on sales dollars, were carpet and rug (39%), luxury vinyl flooring (LVF) (22%), wood (13%), ceramic tile (12%), stone (6%), vinyl (4%), and laminate and other (4%). In 2021, the primary categories of flooring in the U.S., based on square feet, were carpet and rug (45%), luxury vinyl flooring (LVF) (23%), ceramic tile (13%), vinyl (7%), wood (6%), laminate (4%), and stone and other (2%). Each of these categories is influenced by the residential construction, commercial construction, and residential remodeling markets. These markets are influenced by many factors including consumer confidence, spending for durable goods, turnover in housing and the overall strength of the economy.




The carpet and rug category has two primary markets, residential and commercial, with the residential market making up the largest portion of the industry's sales. A substantial portion of industry shipments is made in response to replacement demand. Residential products consist of broadloom carpets and rugs in a broad range of styles, colors and textures. Commercial products consist primarily of broadloom carpet and modular carpet tile for a variety of institutional applications such as office buildings, restaurant chains, schools and other commercial establishments. The carpet industry also manufactures carpet for the automotive, recreational vehicle, small boat and other industries.

The Carpet and Rug Institute (the "CRI") is the national trade association representing carpet and rug manufacturers. Information compiled by the CRI suggests that the domestic carpet and rug industry is comprised of fewer than 100 manufacturers, with a significant majority of the industry's production concentrated in a limited number of manufacturers focused on the lower end of the price curve. We believe that this industry focus provides us with opportunities to capitalize on our competitive strengths in selected markets where innovative styling, design, product differentiation, focused service and limited distribution add value.
 
Competition
 
The floorcovering industry is highly competitive. We compete with other carpet, rug and hard surface manufacturers. In addition, the industry provides multiple floorcovering surfaces such as luxury vinyl tile and wood. Though soft floorcovering is still the dominant floorcovering surface, it has gradually lost market share to hard floorcovering surfaces over the last 25 years. We believe our products are among the leaders in styling and design in the high-end residential carpet markets. However, a number of manufacturers produce competitive products and some of these manufacturers have greater financial resources than we do.

We believe the principal competitive factors in our primary floorcovering markets are styling, color, product design, quality and service. In the high-end residential markets, we compete with various other floorcovering suppliers. Nevertheless, we believe we have competitive advantages in several areas. We have an attractive portfolio of brands that we believe are well known, highly regarded by customers and complementary; by being differentiated, we offer meaningful alternatives to the discriminating customer. We believe our investment in new yarns and innovative tufting and dyeing technologies, strengthens our ability to offer product differentiation to our customers. In addition, we have established longstanding relationships with key suppliers of luxury vinyl flooring and with significant customers in most of our markets. Finally, our reputation for innovative design excellence and our experienced management team enhance our competitive position. See "Risk Factors" in Item 1A of this report.
 
Backlog
 
Sales order backlog is not material to understanding our business, due to relatively short lead times for order fulfillment in the markets for the vast majority of our products.
 
Trademarks
 
Our floorcovering businesses own a variety of trademarks under which our products are marketed.  Among such trademarks, the names "Fabrica", "Masland", "Dixie Home" and TRUCOR™ are of greatest importance to our business. We believe that we have taken adequate steps to protect our interest in all significant trademarks.
 
Customer and Product Concentration
 
As a percentage of our net sales, one customer, a mass merchant, accounted for approximately 3% in 2022 and 9% in 2021 and as a percentage of our customer's trade accounts receivable, accounted for approximately 0% in 2022 and 20% in 2021. No customer was more than 10 percent of our net sales during the periods presented. During 2022, sales to our top ten customers accounted for approximately 8% of our sales and our top 20 customers accounted for approximately 12% of our sales. We do not make a material amount of sales in foreign countries.

We do not have any single class of products that accounts for more than 10% of our sales.

Seasonality
 
Our sales historically have normally reached their highest level in the second quarter (approximately 26% of our annual sales) and their lowest levels in the first quarter (approximately 23% of our annual sales), with the remaining sales being distributed relatively equally between the third and fourth quarters. Working capital requirements have normally reached their highest levels in the third and fourth quarters of the year.




Environmental
 
Our operations are subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to the generation, storage, handling, emission, transportation and discharge of materials into the environment. The costs of complying with environmental protection laws and regulations have not had a material adverse impact on our financial condition or results of operations in the past. See "Risk Factors” in Item 1A of this report.

Raw Materials
 
Our primary raw material is continuous filament yarn. Nylon is the primary yarn we utilize and, to a lesser extent, wool and polyester yarn is used. Additionally, we utilize polypropylene carpet backing, latex, dyes and chemicals, and man-made topical applications in the construction of our products. The volatility of petroleum prices could adversely affect our supply and cost of synthetic fibers. Our synthetic yarns are purchased primarily from domestic fiber suppliers and wool is purchased from a number of international sources. Our other raw materials are purchased primarily from domestic suppliers, although the majority of our luxury vinyl tile is sourced outside the United States. Normally, we pass raw material price increases through to our customers; however, there can be no assurance that cost increases can be passed through to customers and that increases in raw material prices will not have an adverse effect on our profitability. See "Risk Factors” in Item 1A of this report. There are multiple sources of nylon yarn; however, an unanticipated termination or interruption of our supply arrangements could adversely affect our supplies of raw materials and could have a material effect on our operations. See "Risk Factors” in Item 1A of this report.
 
Utilities
 
We use electricity as our principal energy source, with oil or natural gas used in some facilities for dyeing and finishing operations as well as heating. We have not experienced any material problem in obtaining adequate supplies of electricity, natural gas or oil. Energy shortages of extended duration could have an adverse effect on our operations, and price volatility could negatively impact future earnings. See "Risk Factors” in Item 1A of this report.
 
Working Capital
 
We are required to maintain significant levels of inventory in order to provide the enhanced service levels demanded by the nature of our business and our customers, and to ensure timely delivery of our products. Consistent and dependable sources of liquidity are required to maintain such inventory levels. Failure to maintain appropriate levels of inventory could materially adversely affect our relationships with our customers and adversely affect our business. See "Risk Factors” in Item 1A of this report.
 
Human Capital Resources
 
At December 31, 2022, our total employed associates was 1,138 which included 138 employees under separation agreements.

As stated in the Company's Code of Ethics, Company policy is to promote diversity, prohibit discrimination and harassment in the workplace and to provide a safe and healthy workplace for Company associates.

Available Information
 
Our internet address is www.thedixiegroup.com. We make the following reports filed by us with the Securities and Exchange Commission available, free of charge, on our website under the heading "Investor Relations":
 
1.annual reports on Form 10-K;
2.    quarterly reports on Form 10-Q;
3.    current reports on Form 8-K; and
4.    amendments to the foregoing reports.
 
The contents of our website are not a part of this report.

Item 1A.    Risk Factors

In addition to the other information provided in this Report, the following risk factors should be considered when evaluating the results of our operations, future prospects and an investment in shares of our Common Stock. Any of these factors could cause our actual financial results to differ materially from our historical results, and could give rise to events that might have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 



Our financial condition and results of operations have been and will likely continue to be adversely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and the related downturn in economic conditions.

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to impact areas where we operate and sell our products and services. The COVID-19 outbreak in the second quarter of 2020 had a material adverse effect on our ability to operate and our results of operations as public health organizations recommended, and many governments implemented, measures to slow and limit the transmission of the virus, including shelter in place and social distancing ordinances. Although the accessibility of vaccines and other preventive measures have lessened the impact, new variants may necessitate a return of such restrictive, preventive measures which may have a material adverse effect on our business for an indefinite period of time, such as the potential shut down of certain locations, decreased employee availability, disruptions to the businesses of our selling channel partners, and others. Our suppliers and customers may also face these and other challenges, which could lead to a disruption in our supply chain as well as decreased construction and renovation spending and consumer demand for our products and services. These issues may also materially affect our current and future access to sources of liquidity, particularly our cash flows from operations, and access to financing. The long-term economic impact and near-term financial impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, including but not limited to, potential near term or long-term risk of asset impairment, restructuring, and other charges, cannot be reliably quantified or estimated at this time due to the uncertainty of future developments.

The floorcovering industry is sensitive to changes in general economic conditions and a decline in residential activity or home remodeling and refurbishment could have a material adverse effect on our business.

The floorcovering industry, in which we participate, is highly dependent on general economic conditions, such as interest rate levels, consumer confidence and income, corporate and government spending, availability of credit and demand for housing. We derive a majority of our sales from the replacement segment of the market. Therefore, unfavorable economic changes, such as an economic recession, could result in a significant or prolonged decline in spending for remodeling and replacement activities which could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

The residential floorcovering market is highly dependent on housing activity, including remodeling. The U.S. and global economies, along with the residential markets in such economies, can negatively impact the floorcovering industry and our business. Although the impact of a decline in new housing activity is typically accompanied by an increase in remodeling and replacement activity, these activities typically lag during a cyclical downturn. Additional or extended downturns could cause prolonged deterioration. A significant or prolonged decline in residential housing activity could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

We have significant levels of sales in certain channels of distribution and reduction in sales through these channels could adversely affect our business.

A significant amount of our recent past sales were generated through a certain mass merchant retailer. A change in strategy by this customer to emphasize products at a lower price point than we currently offer has limited future sales opportunities with this customer. In response to this loss in sales volume and other factors, we implemented our restructuring plan to consolidate our east coast manufacturing operations to better match production demand. If we are unable to maintain volume in line with expected production capacity, any excess capacity in the manufacturing facilities could result in an unfavorable impact on gross margins due to under absorbed fixed costs.

We have significant levels of indebtedness that could result in negative consequences to us.

We have a significant amount of indebtedness relative to our equity. Insufficient cash flow, profitability, or the value of our assets securing our loans could have a material adverse effect on our ability to generate sufficient funds to satisfy the terms of our senior loan agreements and other debt obligations. Additionally, the inability to access debt or equity markets at competitive rates in sufficient amounts to satisfy our obligations could adversely impact our business. Significant increases in interest rates tied to our floating rate debt could have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial results. Further, our trade relations depend on our economic viability and insufficient capital could harm our ability to attract and retain customers and or supplier relationships.

Uncertainty in the credit market or downturns in the economy and our business could affect our overall availability and cost of credit.

Economic factors, including an economic recession, could have a material adverse effect on demand for our products and on our financial condition and operating results. Uncertainty in the credit markets could affect the availability and cost of credit. Market conditions could impact our ability to obtain financing in the future, including any financing necessary to refinance existing indebtedness. The cost and terms of such financing is uncertain. Continued operating losses could affect our ability to continue to access the credit markets under our current terms and conditions.




If we are not able to maintain a minimum bid price of $1 per share for our common stock, we may be subject to delisting from The NASDAQ Stock Market.

NASDAQ Marketplace Rule 5550(a)(2) requires that, for continued listing on the exchange, we must maintain a minimum bid price of $1 per share. We received notice from NASDAQ on January 30, 2023 that our stock had closed below $1 per share for 30 consecutive business days. If we are not able to regain compliance before July 31, 2023, we may be eligible for an additional 180 days provided we meet other listing requirements. To the extent that we are unable to stay in compliance with the relevant NASDAQ bid price listing rule, there is a risk that our common stock may be delisted from NASDAQ, which would adversely impact liquidity of our common stock and potentially result in even lower bid process for our common stock.

Our stock price has been and could remain volatile, which could further adversely affect the market price of our stock, our ability to raise additional capital.
 
The market price of our common stock has historically experienced and may continue to experience significant volatility. Our progress in restructuring our business, our quarterly operating results, our perceived prospects, lack of securities analysts’ recommendations or earnings estimates, changes in general conditions in the economy or the financial markets, adverse events related to our strategic relationships, significant sales of our common stock by existing stockholders, and other developments affecting us or our competitors could cause the market price of our common stock to fluctuate substantially. In addition, in recent years, the stock market has experienced significant price and volume fluctuations. This volatility has affected the market prices of securities issued by many companies for reasons unrelated to their operating performance and may adversely affect the price of our common stock. Such market price volatility could adversely affect our ability to raise additional capital.

We face intense competition in our industry, which could decrease demand for our products and could have a material adverse effect on our profitability.

The floorcovering industry is highly competitive. We face competition from a number of domestic manufacturers and independent distributors of floorcovering products and, in certain product areas, foreign manufacturers. Significant consolidation within the floorcovering industry has caused a number of our existing and potential competitors to grow significantly larger and have greater access to resources and capital than we do. Maintaining our competitive position may require us to make substantial additional investments in our product development efforts, manufacturing facilities, distribution network and sales and marketing activities. These additional investments may be limited by our access to capital, as well as restrictions set forth in our credit facilities. Competitive pressures and the accelerated growth of hard surface alternatives, have resulted in decreased demand for our soft floorcovering products and in the loss of market share to hard surface products. As a result, competition from providers of other soft surfaces has intensified and may result in decreased demand for our products. In addition, we face, and will continue to face, competitive pressures on our sales price and cost of our products. As a result of any of these factors, there could be a material adverse effect on our sales and profitability.

If we are unable to anticipate consumer preferences and successfully develop and introduce new, innovative and updated products, we may not be able to maintain or increase our net revenues and profitability.

Our success depends on our ability to identify and originate product trends as well as to anticipate and react to changing consumer demands in a timely manner. All of our products are subject to changing consumer preferences that cannot be predicted with certainty. In addition, long lead times for certain products may make it hard for us to quickly respond to changes in consumer demands. New products may not receive consumer acceptance as consumer preferences could shift rapidly to different types of flooring products or away from these types of products altogether, and our future success depends in part on our ability to anticipate and respond to these changes. Failure to anticipate and respond in a timely manner to changing consumer preferences could lead to, among other things, lower sales and excess inventory levels, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition.

Raw material prices will vary and the inability to either offset or pass on such cost increases or avoid passing on decreases larger than the cost decrease to our customers could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
We require substantial amounts of raw materials to produce our products, including nylon and polyester yarn, as well as wool yarns, synthetic backing, latex, and dyes. Substantially all of the raw materials we require are purchased from outside sources. The prices of raw materials and fuel-related costs have increased significantly due to market conditions and inflationary pressures, the duration and extent of which is difficult to predict. The fact that we source a significant amount of raw materials means that several months of raw materials and work in process are moving through our supply chain at any point in time. We are sourcing the majority of our new luxury vinyl flooring and wood product lines from overseas. We are not able to predict whether commodity costs will significantly increase or decrease in the future. If commodity costs continue to increase in the future and we are not able to reduce or eliminate the effect of the cost increases by reducing production costs or implementing price increases, our profit margins could decrease. If commodity costs decline, we may experience pressures from customers to reduce our selling prices. The timing of any price reductions and decreases in commodity costs may not align. As a result, our margins could be affected.




Disruption to suppliers of raw materials could have a material adverse effect on us.

Nylon yarn is the principal raw material used in our floorcovering products. One of the leading fiber suppliers within the industry had been the exclusive supplier of certain branded fibers upon which we formerly relied. Access to these branded fibers is no longer available. We have developed and are developing products and product offerings using fiber systems from other fiber suppliers, but there can be no certainty as to the success of our efforts to develop and market such products. Additionally, the supply of all nylon yarn and yarn systems has been negatively impacted by a variety of overall market factors. The cost of nylon yarns has risen significantly and availability of nylon yarns has been restricted. Our efforts to develop alternate sources and to diversify our yarn suppliers has been met with success to date; however, supply constraints may impact our ability to successfully develop products and effectively service our customers. An interruption in the supply of these or other raw materials or sourced products used in our business or in the supply of suitable substitute materials or products would disrupt our operations, which could have a material adverse effect on our business. We continually evaluate our sources of yarn and other raw materials for competitive costs, performance characteristics, brand value, and diversity of supply.

We rely on information systems in managing our operations and any system failure or deficiencies of such systems may have an adverse effect on our business.

Our businesses rely on sophisticated systems to obtain, rapidly process, analyze and manage data. We rely on these systems to, among other things, facilitate the purchase, manufacture and distribution of our products; receive, process and ship orders on a timely basis; and to maintain accurate and up-to-date operating and financial data for the compilation of management information. We rely on our computer hardware, software and network for the storage, delivery and transmission of data to our sales and distribution systems, and certain of our production processes are managed and conducted by computer. Any damage by unforeseen events or system failure which causes interruptions to the input, retrieval and transmission of data or increase in the service time, whether caused by human error, natural disasters, power loss, computer viruses, intentional acts of vandalism, various forms of cybercrimes including and not limited to hacking, ransomware, intrusions and malware or otherwise, could disrupt our normal operations. Depending upon the severity of the incident, there can be no assurance that we can effectively carry out our disaster recovery plan to handle a failure of our information systems, or that we will be able to restore our operational capacity within sufficient time to avoid material disruption to our business. The occurrence of any of these events could cause unanticipated disruptions in service, decreased customer service and customer satisfaction and harm to our reputation, which could result in loss of customers, increased operating expenses and financial losses. Any such events could in turn have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and prospects.

On April 17, 2021, we detected a ransomware attack on portions of our information technology systems. We initiated recovery efforts and implemented additional security measures in response. All companies are subject to such attacks by cyber criminals as they become more frequent and their ability to circumvent security measures become more sophisticated.

The long-term performance of our business relies on our ability to attract, develop and retain qualified personnel.

To be successful, we must attract, develop and retain qualified and talented personnel in management, sales, marketing, product design and operations. We compete with other floorcovering companies for these employees and invest resources in recruiting, developing, motivating and retaining them. The failure to attract, develop, motivate and retain key employees could negatively affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We are subject to various governmental actions that may interrupt our supply of materials.

We import most of our luxury vinyl flooring ("LVF"), some of our wood offering, some of our rugs and broadloom offerings. Though currently a small part of our business, the growth in LVF products is an important product offering to provide our customers a complete selection of flooring alternatives. There have been trade proposals that threatened these product categories with added tariffs which would make our offerings less competitive compared to those manufactured in other countries or produced domestically. These proposals, if enacted, or if expanded, or imposed for a significant period of time, would materially interfere with our ability to successfully enter into these product categories and could have a material adverse effect upon the company's cost of goods and results of operations.

Regulatory efforts to monitor political, social, and environmental conditions in foreign countries that produce products or components of products purchased by the Company will necessarily add complexity and cost to the Company’s products and processes and may reduce the availability of certain products. Regulatory efforts to prevent or reduce the risk that certain flooring products or elements of such products are produced in regions where forced or involuntary labor are known or believed to occur will result in increased cost to the Company as it attempts to ensure that none of its products or components of its products are produced in such regions. Such increased cost may make the Company’s products less competitive.




We may experience certain risks associated with internal expansion, acquisitions, joint ventures and strategic investments.

We continually look for strategic and tactical initiatives, including internal expansion, acquisitions and investment in new products, to strengthen our future and to enable us to return to sustained growth and to achieve profitability. Growth through expansion and acquisition involves risks, many of which may continue to affect us after the acquisition or expansion. An acquired company, operation or internal expansion may not achieve the levels of revenue, profitability and production that we expect. The combination of an acquired company’s business with ours involves risks. Further, internally generated growth that involves expansion involves risks as well. Such risks include the integration of computer systems, alignment of human resource policies and the retention of valued talent. Reported earnings may not meet expectations because of goodwill and intangible asset impairment, other asset impairments, increased interest costs and issuance of additional securities or debt as a result of these acquisitions. We may also face challenges in consolidating functions and integrating our organizations, procedures, operations and product lines in a timely and efficient manner.

The diversion of management attention and any difficulties encountered in the transition and integration process could have a material adverse effect on our revenues, level of expenses and operating results. Failure to successfully manage and integrate an acquisition with our existing operations or expansion of our existing operations could lead to the potential loss of customers of the acquired or existing business, the potential loss of employees who may be vital to the new or existing operations, the potential loss of business opportunities or other adverse consequences that could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Even if integration occurs successfully, failure of the expansion or acquisition to achieve levels of anticipated sales growth, profitability or productivity, or otherwise perform as expected, may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We are subject to various environmental, safety and health regulations that may subject us to costs, liabilities and other obligations, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

We are subject to various environmental, safety and health and other regulations that may subject us to costs, liabilities and other obligations which could have a material adverse effect on our business. The applicable requirements under these laws are subject to amendment, to the imposition of new or additional requirements and to changing interpretations of agencies or courts. We could incur material expenditures to comply with new or existing regulations, including fines and penalties and increased costs of our operations. Additionally, future laws, ordinances, regulations or regulatory guidelines could give rise to additional compliance or remediation costs that could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. For example, producer responsibility regulations regarding end-of-life disposal could impose additional cost and complexity to our business.

The Environmental Protection Agency has declared an intent to focus on perceived risks posed by certain chemicals (principally PFOA and PFOAS) previously used by the carpet industry. New or revised regulatory actions could result in requirements that industry participants, including the Company, incur costs related to testing and clean up of areas affected by such chemical usage. Other chemicals or materials historically used by the industry and the Company could become the focus of similar governmental action.

Various federal, state and local environmental laws govern the use of our current and former facilities. These laws govern such matters as:

Discharge to air and water;
Handling and disposal of solid and hazardous substances and waste, and
Remediation of contamination from releases of hazardous substances in our facilities and off-site disposal locations.

The Company is a manufacturer and distributor of flooring products which require processes and materials that necessarily utilize substantial amounts of carbon-based energy and accordingly involve the emission of “greenhouse gasses.” Regulatory monitoring, reporting and, more generally, efforts to eliminate or substantially reduce “greenhouse gasses” will necessarily add complexity and cost to the Company’s products and processes decreasing profitability and consumer demand. Additionally, consumer preferences may be affected by publicly announced issues related to “greenhouse gasses” which may negatively affect demand for the Company’s products. There can be no assurance that the Company can cost effectively respond to any such regulatory efforts or that demand for the Company’s products can be sustained under such pressures.

Our operations also are governed by laws relating to workplace safety and worker health, which, among other things, establish noise standards and regulate the use of hazardous materials and chemicals in the workplace. We have taken, and will continue to take, steps to comply with these laws. If we fail to comply with present or future environmental or safety regulations, we could be subject to future liabilities. However, we cannot ensure that complying with these environmental or health and safety laws and requirements will not adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.




We may be exposed to litigation, claims and other legal proceedings in the ordinary course of business relating to our products or business, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

In the ordinary course of business, we are subject to a variety of work-related and product-related claims, lawsuits and legal proceedings, including those relating to product liability, product warranty, product recall, personal injury, and other matters that are inherently subject to many uncertainties regarding the possibility of a loss to our business. Such matters could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition if we are unable to successfully defend against or resolve these matters or if our insurance coverage is insufficient to satisfy any judgments against us or settlements relating to these matters. Although we have product liability insurance, the policies may not provide coverage for certain claims against us or may not be sufficient to cover all possible liabilities. Further, we may not be able to maintain insurance at commercially acceptable premium levels. Additionally, adverse publicity arising from claims made against us, even if the claims are not successful, could adversely affect our reputation or the reputation and sales of our products.

Our business operations could suffer significant losses from natural disasters, catastrophes, fire or other unexpected events.

Many of our business activities involve substantial investments in manufacturing facilities and many products are produced at a limited number of locations. These facilities could be materially damaged by natural disasters, such as floods, tornadoes, hurricanes and earthquakes, or by fire or other unexpected events such as adverse weather conditions or other disruptions to our facilities, supply chain or our customer's facilities. We could incur uninsured losses and liabilities arising from such events, including damage to our reputation, and/or suffer material losses in operational capacity, which could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Item 1B.UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.

Item 2.    PROPERTIES

The following table lists our facilities according to location, type of operation and approximate total floor space as of February 24, 2023:
LocationType of OperationApproximate Square Feet
Administrative:
Saraland, AL*Administrative29,000 
Santa Ana, CA*Administrative4,000 
Calhoun, GAAdministrative10,600 
Dalton, GA*Administrative50,800 
Total Administrative94,400 
Manufacturing and Distribution:
Atmore, ALDistribution610,000 
Roanoke, ALCarpet Yarn Processing204,000 
Saraland, AL*Distribution384,000 
Porterville, CA*Carpet Yarn Processing249,000 
Santa Ana, CA*Carpet and Rug Manufacturing, Distribution200,000 
Adairsville, GASamples and Rug Manufacturing, Distribution292,000 
Calhoun, GACarpet Dyeing & Processing193,300 
Eton, GACarpet Manufacturing, Distribution408,000 
Chatsworth, GA*Samples Warehouse and Distribution161,400 
Total Manufacturing and Distribution2,701,700 
* Leased propertiesTOTAL2,796,100 

In our opinion, our manufacturing facilities are well maintained and our machinery is efficient and competitive. Operations of our facilities generally vary between 120 and 168 hours per week. Substantially all of our owned properties are subject to mortgages, which secure the outstanding borrowings under our senior credit facilities.




Item 3.     LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

We have been sued, together with approximately 90 other defendants, in a lawsuit styled: Brenda E. Bostian, individually and as representative of the Estate of Hoyle Steven Bostian, deceased, case number 2021-CP-40-04877 South Carolina Court of Common Pleas, Fifth Judicial Circuit- Richland County (Columbia SC), alleging that indirect exposure to asbestos at a plant in North Carolina contributed to the wrongful death of Mr. Bostian. The complaint alleges that Mr. Hoyle Bostian’s father worked at a facility in North Carolina where he was exposed to asbestos and that Mr. Bostian’s exposure indirectly caused Mr. Bostian (the decedent) to be exposed to asbestos. The plaintiff’s “secondary” exposure allegedly occurred in the 1950s - prior to our 1987 acquisition of China Grove Cotton Mills, the company that owned the facility. No damage amount has been alleged. We have denied liability and are vigorously defending the matter.

We have been sued together with several other defendants, in a lawsuit styled: James Franklin Davis and Vera C. Davis v. 3M Company, et al., in the court of Common Pleas, Fifth Judicial Circuit, County of Richmond, State of South Carolina (C'/A NO. 2022-CP-40-02381) alleging various health related and economic damages resulting from alleged exposure to asbestos at a plant in North Carolina formerly owned by our Company. No specific amount of damages is claimed. We have denied liability and are vigorously defending the matter.

Item 4.    MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

Pursuant to instruction G of Form 10-K the following is included as an unnumbered item to PART I.

EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT

The names, ages, positions and offices held by the executive officers of the registrant as of February 24, 2023, are listed below along with their business experience during the past five years.
Name, Age and PositionBusiness Experience During Past Five Years
Daniel K. Frierson, 81
Chairman of the Board, and Chief Executive Officer, Director
Director since 1973, Chairman of the Board since 1987 and Chief Executive Officer since 1980. He is the Chairman of the Company's Executive Committee. He is past Chairman of The Carpet and Rug Institute.
D. Kennedy Frierson, Jr., 55
Vice President and Chief Operating Officer, Director
Director since 2012 and Vice President and Chief Operating Officer since August 2009. Vice President and President Masland Residential from February 2006 to July 2009. President Masland Residential from December 2005 to January 2006. Executive Vice President and General Manager, Dixie Home, 2003 to 2005. Business Unit Manager, Bretlin, 2002 to 2003.
Allen L. Danzey, 53
Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
Chief Financial Officer since January 2020. Director of Accounting from May 2018 to December 2019. Commercial Division Controller from July 2009 to May 2018. Residential Division Controller and Senior Accountant from February 2005 to July 2009.
Thomas M. Nuckols, Jr., 55
Vice President and President, Dixie Residential
Vice President and President of Dixie Residential since November 2017. Executive Vice President, Dixie Residential from February 2017 to November 2017. Dupont/Invista, from 1989 to 2017, Senior Director of Mill Sales and Product Strategy from 2015 to 2017.
W. Derek Davis, 72
Vice President, Human Resources and Corporate Secretary
Vice President of Human Resources since January 1991 and Corporate Secretary since January 2016. Corporate Employee Relations Director, 1988 to 1991.

The executive officers of the registrant are generally elected annually by the Board of Directors at its first meeting held after each annual meeting of our shareholders.




PART II.

Item 5.MARKET FOR THE REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Our Common Stock trades on the NASDAQ Global Market under the symbol DXYN. No market exists for our Class B Common Stock.

As of February 24, 2023, the total number of holders of our Common Stock was approximately 3,664 including an estimated 3,000 shareholders who hold our Common Stock in nominee names. The total number of holders of our Class B Common Stock was 10.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

None.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Fiscal Month EndingTotal Number of Shares Purchased(1)Average Price Paid Per ShareTotal Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or ProgramsMaximum Number (or approximate dollar value) of Shares That May Yet Be Purchased Under Plans or Programs(1)
October 29, 2022130,718 $1.08 130,718 — 
November 26, 2022161,766 1.05 161,766 — 
December 31, 2022207,884 0.95 207,884 — 
Three Fiscal Months Ended December 31, 2022500,368 $1.02 500,368 $2,358,144 

(1) On August 3, 2022, the Company’s Board of Directors approved the repurchase of up to $3.0 million of the Company’s common stock. Purchases, as reported in the table above, were made under a plan pursuant to Rule 10b-5-1 of the Securities and Exchange Act (“10b-5-1 Plan”). Purchases under the 10b-5-1 Plan were conducted to come within Rule 10b-18 and were managed by Raymond James & Associates. The 10b-5-1 Plan ended on December 31, 2022. The board authorization to repurchase shares remains in effect, and the dollar value of shares that may yet be purchased reflects that authorization.

Dividends and Price Range of Common Stock

There is a restriction on the payment of dividends under our revolving credit facility and we have not paid any dividends in the years ended December 31, 2022 and December 25, 2021.

The following table provides the price range of common stock for the four fiscal quarterly periods in the years ended December 31, 2022 and December 25, 2021.

THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
QUARTERLY PRICE RANGE OF COMMON STOCK
FISCAL QUARTER
20221ST2ND3RD4TH
    
Common Stock Prices:    
High$6.32 $3.44 $1.83 $1.25 
Low2.69 1.35 1.08 0.75 
20211ST2ND3RD4TH
    
Common Stock Prices:    
High$6.00 $3.86 $5.58 $6.98 
Low2.26 2.37 2.55 4.50 



Shareholder Return Performance Presentation

We compare our performance to two different industry indices published by Dow Jones, Inc. The first of these is the Dow Jones US Furnishings Index, which is composed of publicly traded companies classified by Dow Jones in the furnishings industry. The second is the Dow Jones US Building Materials & Fixtures Index, which is composed of publicly traded companies classified by Dow Jones in the building materials and fixtures industry.

Set forth below is a line graph comparing the yearly change in the cumulative total shareholder return on our Common Stock against the total return of the Standard & Poor's Small Cap 600 Stock Index, plus both the Dow Jones US Furnishings Index and the Dow Jones US Building Materials & Fixtures Index, in each case for the five year period ended December 31, 2022. The comparison assumes that $100.00 was invested on December 30, 2017, in our Common Stock, the S&P Small Cap 600 Index, and each of the two Peer Groups, and assumes the reinvestment of dividends.

dxyn-20221231_g2.jpg

The foregoing shareholder performance presentation shall not be deemed "soliciting material" or to be "filed" with the Commission subject to Regulation 14A, or subject to the liabilities of Section 18 of the Exchange Act.

Item 6.    [RESERVED]

Item 7.     MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this report.
 
OVERVIEW

Our business consists principally of marketing, manufacturing and selling floorcovering products to high-end customers through our various sales forces and brands. We focus primarily on the upper end of the floorcovering market where we believe we have strong brands and competitive advantages with our style and design capabilities and customer relationships. Our Fabrica, Masland, and Dixie Home brands have a significant presence in the high-end residential floorcovering markets. Dixie International sells all of our brands outside of the North American market.

Historically, we participated in the upper end specified commercial flooring marketplace through our Atlas | Masland Contract brand. On September 13, 2021, we sold our Commercial business. As a result of the transaction, we have effectively exited the Commercial Business and now focus exclusively on our residential floorcovering markets. The results of our Commercial business activity are included in discontinued operations in the included financial statements.




RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2022 Compared with Fiscal Year Ended December 25, 2021
 Fiscal Year Ended (amounts in thousands)
December 31, 2022% of Net SalesDecember 25, 2021% of Net SalesIncrease (Decrease)% Change
Net sales$303,570 100.0 %$341,247 100.0 %$(37,677)(11.0)%
Cost of sales249,946 82.3 %263,992 77.4 %(14,046)(5.3)%
Gross profit53,624 17.7 %77,255 22.6 %(23,631)(30.6)%
Selling and administrative expenses76,957 25.4 %67,926 19.9 %9,031 13.3 %
Other operating (income) expense, net239 0.1 %(927)(0.3)%1,166 (125.8)%
Facility consolidation and severance expenses, net4,584 1.5 %255 0.1 %4,329 1,697.6 %
Operating income (loss)(28,156)(9.3)%10,001 2.9 %(38,157)(381.5)%
Interest expense5,340 1.8 %4,742 1.4 %598 12.6 %
Other expense, net— %— %500.0 %
Income (loss) from continuing operations before taxes(33,502)(11.1)%5,258 1.5 %(38,760)(737.2)%
Income tax provision (benefit)(87)— %105 — %(192)(182.9)%
Income (loss) from continuing operations(33,415)(11.1)%5,153 1.5 %(38,568)(748.5)%
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax(1,664)(0.5)%(3,537)(1.0)%1,873 (53.0)%
Net income (loss)$(35,079)(11.6)%$1,616 0.5 %$(36,695)(2,270.7)%


Net Sales. Net sales for the year ended December 31, 2022 were $303.6 million compared with $341.2 in the year-earlier period, a decrease of 11.0% for the year-over-year comparison. The decrease in net sales in 2022 was primarily the result of the loss of sales through our largest mass merchant customer after the first quarter and lower demand in the second half of the year.

Gross Profit. Gross profit, as a percentage of net sales, decreased 4.9 percentage points in 2022 compared with 2021. In the fourth quarter of 2021, the Company's primary supplier of raw materials for its nylon broadloom products announced an abrupt exit from the business and imposed exorbitantly high price increases on the Company at levels that we were unable to pass on to our customers. The Company completed its conversion to new lower cost raw materials from multiple suppliers in the first part of the third quarter of 2022, but gross profit margins were negatively impacted throughout 2022 as we processed through the higher cost inventory produced in prior periods.

In addition, our gross profit margins in 2022 were negatively impacted by extreme increases in the cost of ocean freight for our imported inventory. Costs for import containers reached levels multiple times the average cost in 2021. The rapid pace and high level of the increases prevented us from being able to pass along all of the costs through our pricing to customers. These rates had returned to lower, more expected levels by the end of 2022.

Inflationary pressure also negatively impacted our gross profit margins in 2022. The costs of our raw materials increased through the first half of 2022 before we started to see some relief in the later part of the year.

Selling and Administrative Expenses. Selling and administrative expenses were $77.0 million in 2022 compared with $67.9 million in 2021. Selling and administrative expenses as a percent of the net sales for 2022 and 2021 were 25.4% and 19.9% respectively. Higher investment in samples to support the introduction of our new decorative line of business drove much of the cost increase. The new decorative products were not available to customers until the fourth quarter of 2022 which limited the return on the investment in 2022.

Other Operating (Income) Expense, Net. Net other operating expense was $239 thousand in 2022 compared with an income of $927 thousand in 2021. In 2022, the expense was primarily the result of loss on impairment of assets and retirement expenses net of additional insurance proceeds related to a claim at our Roanoke, Alabama facility. In 2021, the income was primarily the result of $1.7 million in insurance proceeds related to a claim at our Roanoke, Alabama facility partially offset by $1.1 million in legal expenses.

Facility Consolidation and Severance Expenses, Net. Facility consolidation expenses were $4.6 million in 2022 compared with $0.3 million in 2021. The facility consolidation expenses incurred during 2022 were primarily related to our plan for the consolidation of our east coast manufacturing. Subsequent to the divestiture of our commercial business in the third quarter of 2021, we began consolidating our manufacturing facilities on the east coast to better align our production capacity with our sales volume. The expenses in 2021 were primarily related to residual expense activity from the Profit Improvement Plan.




Operating Income (Loss). The operating loss in 2022 was $28.2 million compared to income of $10.0 million in 2021. The 2022 loss was the result of lower sales volume due to lower demand and the loss of our largest mass merchant customer, higher costs related to our former primary fiber supplier exiting the business, higher freight cost on imported goods, higher material costs as a result of inflation, increased sample costs and high restructuring expenses from our plan to consolidate the east coast manufacturing.

Interest Expense. Interest expense was $5.3 million in 2022 compared with $4.7 million in 2021. The increase is the result of higher interest rates and higher debt incurred in 2022 in order to fund operations.

Income Tax Provision (Benefit). Our effective income tax rate was a benefit of 0.26% in 2022. The benefit relates to federal and state cash taxes paid offset by certain federal and state credits and also includes a benefit for the termination of certain derivative contracts for which there existed stranded tax effects within other comprehensive income. In 2022, we increased our valuation allowance by $8.5 million related to our net deferred tax asset and specific federal and state net operating losses and federal and state tax credit carryforwards.

Our effective income tax rate was a provision of 2.00% in 2021. The provision relates to federal and state cash taxes paid offset by certain federal and state credits and also includes a benefit for the termination of certain derivative contracts for which there existed stranded tax effects within other comprehensive income.

Net Income (Loss). Continuing operations reflected a loss of $33.4 million, or $2.21 per diluted share in 2022, compared with income from continuing operations of $5.2 million, or $0.32 per diluted share in 2021. Our discontinued operations reflected a loss of $1.7 million, or $0.11 per diluted share in 2022 compared with a loss of $3.5 million, or $0.23 per diluted share in 2021. Including discontinued operations, we had a net loss of $35.1 million, or $2.32 per diluted share, in 2022 compared with net income of $1.6 million, or $0.09 per diluted share, in 2021.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

During the year ended December 31, 2022, cash used in continuing operations was $17.5 million driven by reduction of receivables of $15.2 million, an increase of inventories by $1.0 million and decrease in accounts payable and other accrued expenses of $9.6 million.

Net cash used in investing activities was $4.5 million during the year ended December 31, 2022. This amount was primarily the result of the purchase of property, plant and equipment of $4.6 million.

During the year ended December 31, 2022, cash provided by financing activities was $19.9 million. We had net borrowings of $18.6 million on the revolving credit facility. Borrowings on notes payable, net of payments was $4.8 million and finance leases were reduced by payments of $1.1 million. The balance in amount of checks outstanding in excess of cash at year end 2022 decreased from prior year resulting in a cash outflow of $1.4 million. Repurchases of Common Stock were $0.7 million during 2022.

We believe, after having reviewed various financial scenarios, our operating cash flows, credit availability under our revolving credit facility and other sources of financing are adequate to finance our anticipated liquidity requirements under current operating conditions. We have specifically considered the impact of continued operating losses on our liquidity position and our ability to comply with financial covenants by our primary lenders. As part of our evaluation, we considered cost reductions that began in 2022 related to our change to lower cost raw materials, decreased freight expense on imported goods and cost reductions implemented under our East Coast Consolidation Plan, as well as plans for the sale and leaseback of existing assets. Availability under the new Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility on December 31, 2022 was $15.3 million. Significant additional cash expenditures above our normal liquidity requirements, significant deterioration in economic conditions or continued operating losses could affect our business and require supplemental financing or other funding sources. There can be no assurance that the sale leaseback transaction, other such supplemental financing or other sources of funding can be obtained or will be obtained on terms favorable to us. We cannot predict, and are unable to know, the long-term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the related economic consequences or how these events may affect our future liquidity.

Debt Facilities

Revolving Credit Facility. On October 30, 2020, we entered into a $75.0 million Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility with Fifth Third Bank National Association as lender. The loan is secured by a first priority security interest on all accounts receivable, cash, and inventory, and provides for borrowing limited by certain percentages of values of the accounts receivable and inventory. The revolving credit facility matures on October 30, 2025.

We have transitioned our benchmark rate LIBOR to SOFR during fourth quarter of 2022. At our election, advances of the revolving credit facility bear interest at annual rates equal to either (a) SOFR (plus a 0.10% SOFR adjustment) for 1 or 3 month periods, as defined with a floor of 0.75% or published SOFR and previously LIBOR, plus an applicable margin ranging between 1.50% and 2.00%, or (b) the higher of the prime rate plus an applicable margin ranging between 0.50% and 1.00%. The



applicable margin is determined based on availability under the revolving credit facility with margins increasing as availability decreases. The applicable margin can be increased by 0.50% if the fixed charge coverage ratio is below a 1.10 to 1.00 ratio. As of December 31, 2022, the applicable margin on our revolving credit facility was 2.50% for SOFR and 1.50% for Prime due to the fixed charge coverage ratio being below 1.10 to 1.00. We pay an unused line fee on the average amount by which the aggregate commitments exceed utilization of the revolving credit facility equal to 0.25% per annum. The weighted-average interest rate on borrowings outstanding under the revolving credit facility was 6.81% at December 31, 2022 and 3.00% for December 25, 2021.

The agreement is subject to customary terms and conditions and annual administrative fees with pricing varying on excess availability and a fixed charge coverage ratio. The agreement is also subject to certain compliance, affirmative, and financial covenants. As of the reporting date, we are in compliance with all such applicable financial covenants or have obtained an appropriate waiver for such applicable financial covenants. We are only subject to the financial covenants if borrowing availability is less than $8.9 million, which is equal to 12.5% of the lesser of the total loan availability of $75.0 million or total collateral available, and remains until the availability is greater than 12.5% for thirty consecutive days. As of December 31, 2022, the unused borrowing availability under the revolving credit facility was $15.3 million.

Term Loans. Effective October 28, 2020, we entered into a $10.0 million principal amount USDA Guaranteed term loan with AmeriState Bank as lender. The term of the loan is 25 years and bears interest at a minimum 5.00% rate or 4.00% above 5-year treasury, to be reset every 5 years at 3.5% above 5-year treasury. The loan is secured by a first mortgage on our Atmore, Alabama and Roanoke, Alabama facilities. The loan requires certain compliance, affirmative, and financial covenants and, as of the reporting date, we are in compliance with or have received waivers for all such financial covenants.

Effective October 29, 2020, we entered into a $15.0 million principal amount USDA Guaranteed term loan with the Greater Nevada Credit Union as lender. The term of the loan is 10 years and bears interest at a minimum 5.00% rate or 4.00% above 5-year treasury, to be reset after 5 years at 3.5% above 5-year treasury. Payments on the loan are interest only over the first three years and principal and interest over the remaining seven years. The loan is secured by a first lien on a substantial portion of our machinery and equipment, a certificate of deposit and a second lien on our Atmore and Roanoke facilities. The loan requires certain compliance, affirmative, and financial covenants and, as of the reporting date, we are in compliance with or have received waivers for all such financial covenants.

Notes Payable - Buildings. On March 16, 2022, we entered into a twenty-year $11.0 million note payable to refinance our existing note payable on our distribution center in Adairsville, Georgia (the "Property"). The note payable bears interest at a fixed annual rate of 3.81%. The note is secured by the Property and a guarantee of the Company. Concurrent with the closing of this note, we paid off existing loans secured by the Property in the amount of $5,456 and terminated an existing interest rate swap agreement.

Notes Payable - Equipment and Other. Our equipment and other financing notes have terms up to 1 year, bear interest ranging from 3.99% to 4.75% and are due in monthly installments through their maturity dates. Our equipment and other notes do not contain any financial covenants.

Finance Lease - Buildings. On January 14, 2019, we entered into a purchase and sale agreement (the “Purchase and Sale Agreement”) with Saraland Industrial, LLC, an Alabama limited liability company (the “Purchaser”). Pursuant to the terms of the Purchase and Sale Agreement, we sold our Saraland facility, and approximately 17.12 acres of surrounding property located in Saraland, Alabama (the “Property”) to the Purchaser for a purchase price of $11.5 million. Concurrent with the sale of the Property, we and the Purchaser entered into a twenty-year lease agreement (the “Lease Agreement”), whereby we leased back the Property at an annual rental rate of $977 thousand, subject to annual rent increases of 1.25%. Under the Lease Agreement, we have two (2) consecutive options to extend the term of the Lease by ten years for each such option. This transaction was recorded as a failed sale and leaseback as the present value of lease payments exceeded 90% of its fair value. We recorded a liability for the amounts received, continued to depreciate the asset, and imputed an interest rate so that the net carrying amount of the financial liability and remaining assets will be zero at the end of the lease term.

Finance Lease Obligations. Our finance lease obligations are due in monthly installments through their maturity dates. Our finance lease obligations are secured by the specific equipment leased. (See Note 10 to our Consolidated Financial Statements).

Stock-Based Awards

We recognize compensation expense related to share-based stock awards based on the fair value of the equity instrument over the period of vesting for the individual stock awards that were granted. At December 31, 2022, the total unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested restricted stock awards was $1.8 million with a weighted-average vesting period of 6.0 years.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements at December 31, 2022 or December 25, 2021.




Income Tax Considerations

For the year ended December 31, 2022, we increased our valuation allowances by $8.5 million related to our net deferred tax asset and specific federal and state net operating losses and federal and state credit carryforwards.

During 2023 and 2024, we do not anticipate any cash outlays for income taxes to exceed $100 thousand. This is due to our tax loss carryforwards and tax credit carryforwards that will be used to partially offset taxable income. At December 31, 2022, we were in a net deferred tax liability position of $91 thousand, which was included in other long-term liabilities in our Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Discontinued Operations - Environmental Contingencies

We have reserves for environmental obligations established at four previously owned sites that were associated with our discontinued textile businesses. We have a reserve of $2.2 million for environmental liabilities at these sites as of December 31, 2022. The liability established represents our best estimate of loss and is the reasonable amount to which there is any meaningful degree of certainty given the periods of estimated remediation and the dollars applicable to such remediation for those periods. The actual timeline to remediate, and thus, the ultimate cost to complete such remediation through these remediation efforts, may differ significantly from our estimates. Pre-tax cost for environmental remediation obligations classified as discontinued operations were primarily a result of specific events requiring action and additional expense in each period.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

At December 31, 2022, we had no assets or liabilities measured at fair value that fall under a level 3 classification in the hierarchy (those subject to significant management judgment or estimation).

Certain Related Party Transactions

We purchase a portion of our product needs in the form of fiber, yarn and carpet from Engineered Floors, an entity substantially controlled by Robert E. Shaw, a shareholder of our Company. An affiliate of Mr. Shaw holds approximately 7.8% of our Common Stock, which represents approximately 3.0% of the total vote of all classes of our Common Stock. Engineered Floors is one of several suppliers of such materials to us. Total purchases from Engineered Floors for 2022 and 2021 were approximately $917 thousand and $3.9 million, respectively; or approximately 0.4% and 1.4% of our cost of sales in 2022 and 2021, respectively. Purchases from Engineered Floors are based on market value, negotiated prices. We have no contractual commitments with Mr. Shaw associated with our business relationship with Engineered Floors. Transactions with Engineered Floors are reviewed annually by our board of directors.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

See Note 2 to our Consolidated Financial Statements of this Form 10-K for a discussion of new accounting pronouncements which is incorporated herein by reference.

Critical Accounting Policies

Certain estimates and assumptions are made when preparing our financial statements. Estimates involve judgments with respect to, among other things, future economic factors that are difficult to predict. As a result, actual amounts could differ from estimates made when our financial statements are prepared.
 
The Securities and Exchange Commission requires management to identify its most critical accounting policies, defined as those that are both most important to the portrayal of our financial condition and operating results and the application of which requires our most difficult, subjective, and complex judgments. Although our estimates have not differed materially from our experience, such estimates pertain to inherently uncertain matters that could result in material differences in subsequent periods.
 
We believe application of the following accounting policies require significant judgments and estimates and represent our critical accounting policies. Other significant accounting policies are discussed in Note 1 to our Consolidated Financial Statements.
 



Revenue recognition. We derive our revenues primarily from the sale of floorcovering products and processing services. Revenues are recognized when control of these products or services is transferred to our customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to be entitled to in exchange for those products and services. Sales, value add, and other taxes we collect concurrent with revenue-producing activities are excluded from revenue. Shipping and handling fees charged to customers are reported within revenue. Incidental items that are immaterial in the context of the contract are recognized as expense. We do not have any significant financing components as payment is received at or shortly after the point of sale. We determine revenue recognition through the following steps:

Identification of the contract with a customer
Identification of the performance obligations in the contract
Determination of the transaction price
Allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract
Recognition of revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied

Variable Consideration. The nature of our business gives rise to variable consideration, including rebates, allowances, and returns that generally decrease the transaction price, which reduces revenue. These variable amounts are generally credited to the customer, based on achieving certain levels of sales activity, product returns, or price concessions.

Variable consideration is estimated at the most likely amount that is expected to be earned. Estimated amounts are included in the transaction price to the extent it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. Estimates of variable consideration are estimated based upon historical experience and known trends.

Customer claims and product warranties. We generally provide product warranties related to manufacturing defects and specific performance standards for our products for a period of up to two years. We accrue for estimated future assurance warranty costs in the period in which the sale is recorded. The costs are included in Cost of Sales in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and the product warranty reserve is included in accrued expenses in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. We calculate our accrual using the portfolio approach based upon historical experience and known trends. We do not provide an additional service-type warranty.

Inventories. Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is determined using the last-in, first-out method (LIFO), which generally matches current costs of inventory sold with current revenues, for substantially all inventories. Reserves are also established to adjust inventories that are off-quality, aged or obsolete to their estimated net realizable value. Additionally, rates of recoverability per unit of off-quality, aged or obsolete inventory are estimated based on historical rates of recoverability and other known conditions or circumstances that may affect future recoverability. Actual results could differ from assumptions used to value our inventory.

Self-insured accruals. We estimate costs required to settle claims related to our self-insured medical, dental and workers' compensation plans. These estimates include costs to settle known claims, as well as incurred and unreported claims. The estimated costs of known and unreported claims are based on historical experience. Actual results could differ from assumptions used to estimate these accruals.
 
Income taxes. Our effective tax rate is based on income, statutory tax rates and tax planning opportunities available in the jurisdictions in which we operate. Tax laws are complex and subject to different interpretations by the taxpayer and respective governmental taxing authorities. Deferred tax assets represent amounts available to reduce income taxes payable on taxable income in a future period. We evaluate the recoverability of these future tax benefits by assessing the adequacy of future expected taxable income from all sources, including reversal of taxable temporary differences, forecasted operating earnings and available tax planning strategies. These sources of income inherently rely on estimates, including business forecasts and other projections of financial results over an extended period of time. In the event that we are not able to realize all or a portion of our deferred tax assets in the future, a valuation allowance is provided. We recognize such amounts through a charge to income in the period in which that determination is made or when tax law changes are enacted. We had valuation allowances of $21.3 million at December 31, 2022 and $12.9 million at December 25, 2021. At December 31, 2022, we were in a net deferred tax liability position of $91 thousand. For further information regarding our valuation allowances, see Note 14 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
Loss contingencies. We routinely assess our exposure related to legal matters, environmental matters, product liabilities or any other claims against our assets that may arise in the normal course of business. If we determine that it is probable a loss has been incurred, the amount of the loss, or an amount within the range of loss, that can be reasonably estimated will be recorded.





Item 7A.     QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK (Dollars in thousands)

Our earnings, cash flows and financial position are exposed to market risks relating to interest rates, among other factors. It is our policy to minimize our exposure to adverse changes in interest rates and manage interest rate risks inherent in funding our Company with debt. We address this financial exposure through a risk management program that includes maintaining a mix of fixed and floating rate debt and the occasional use of interest rate swap agreements (See Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements).

At December 31, 2022, $76,341, or approximately 76% of our total debt, was subject to floating interest rates. A one-hundred basis point fluctuation in the variable interest rates applicable to this floating rate debt would have an annual pre-tax impact of approximately $763. Included in the $76,341, is the amount outstanding for term loans of $24,547. Both loans are currently set to bear interest of 5% for five years. Every five years, these rates will be reset to reflect the then current 5-year treasury rate plus a margin. A one-hundred basis point fluctuation in the interest rates applicable to the term loans debt would have an annual pre-tax impact of approximately $245. See Note 9 for further discussion of these loans.

Item 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

The supplementary financial information required by ITEM 302 of Regulation S-K is included in PART II, ITEM 5 of this report and the Financial Statements are included in a separate section of this report.

Item 9.CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

None.

Item 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures.  We maintain disclosure controls and procedures to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Commission’s rules and forms and is accumulated and communicated to management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Our management, under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as such terms are defined in Rules 13(a)-15(e) and 15(d)-15(e)) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) as of December 31, 2022, the date of the financial statements included in this Form 10-K (the “Evaluation Date”). Based on that evaluation, our CEO and CFO concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the Evaluation Date.

(b) Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting. No changes in our internal control over financial reporting occurred during the quarter covered by this report that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

Internal control over financial reporting cannot provide absolute assurance of achieving financial reporting objectives because of its inherent limitations. Internal control over financial reporting is a process that involves human diligence and compliance and is subject to lapses in judgment and breakdowns resulting from human failures, as well as diverse interpretation of U. S. generally accepted accounting principles by accounting professionals. It is also possible that internal control over financial reporting can be circumvented by collusion or improper management override. Because of such limitations, there is a risk that material misstatements may not be prevented or detected on a timely basis by internal control over financial reporting. Furthermore, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate. These inherent limitations are known features of the financial reporting process; therefore, while it is possible to design into the process safeguards to reduce such risk, it is not possible to eliminate all risk.

Our management report on internal control over financial reporting is contained in Item 15(a)(1) of this report.

Item 9B.OTHER INFORMATION

None.



PART III.

Item 10.DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

The section entitled "Information about Nominees for Director" in the Proxy Statement of the registrant for the annual meeting of shareholders to be held May 2, 2023 is incorporated herein by reference. Information regarding the executive officers of the registrant is presented in PART I of this report.

We adopted a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics (the "Code of Ethics") which applies to our principal executive officer, principal financial officer and principal accounting officer or controller, and any persons performing similar functions. A copy of the Code of Ethics is incorporated by reference herein as Exhibit 14 to this report.

Audit Committee Financial Expert

The Board has determined that Michael L. Owens is an audit committee financial expert as defined by Item 407 (e)(5) of Regulation S-K of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and is independent within the meaning of the applicable Securities and Exchange Commission rules and NASDAQ standards. For a brief listing of Mr. Owens' relevant experience, please refer to the "Election of Directors" section of the Company's Proxy Statement.

Audit Committee

We have a standing audit committee.  At December 31, 2022, members of our audit committee are Michael L. Owens, Chairman, William F. Blue, Jr., Charles E. Brock, Lowry F. Kline, and Hilda S. Murray.

Item 11.EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

The sections entitled "Compensation Discussion and Analysis", "Executive Compensation Information" and "Director Compensation" in the Proxy Statement of the registrant for the annual meeting of shareholders to be held May 2, 2023 are incorporated herein by reference.

Item 12.SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

The section entitled "Principal Shareholders", as well as the beneficial ownership table (and accompanying notes), in the Proxy Statement of the registrant for the annual meeting of shareholders to be held May 2, 2023 are incorporated herein by reference.

Equity Compensation Plan Information as of December 31, 2022

The following table sets forth information as to our equity compensation plans as of the end of the 2022 fiscal year:
 (a) (b) (c)
Plan CategoryNumber of securities to be issued upon exercise of the outstanding options, warrants and rights Weighted-average exercise price of outstanding options, warrants and rights Number of securities remaining available for future issuance under equity compensation plans (excluding securities reflected in column (a)
Equity Compensation Plans approved by security holders130,320 (1)$4.34 (2)1,307,051 (3)

(1)Consists of 130,320 Performance Units issued under the 2016 Incentive Compensation Plan, each unit being equivalent to one share of Common Stock. Does not include shares of Common Stock issued but not vested pursuant to outstanding restricted stock awards.
(2)Includes the aggregate weighted-average of the price per share of the Common Stock on the grant date for each of 130,320 Performance Units issued under the 2016 Incentive Compensation Plan (each unit equivalent to one share of Common Stock).
(3)Includes 47,051 shares remaining to be issued under the 2016 Incentive Compensation Plan and 1,260,000 shares remaining to be issued under the Omnibus Equity Incentive Plan.

Item 13.CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

The sections entitled "Certain Transactions Between the Company and Directors and Officers" and "Independent Directors" in the Proxy Statement of the registrant for the annual meeting of shareholders to be held May 2, 2023 are incorporated herein by reference.




Item 14.PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES

The section entitled "Audit Fees Discussion" in the Proxy Statement of the Registrant for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held May 2, 2023 is incorporated herein by reference. The independent registered public accounting firm is FORVIS, LLP (PCAOB Firm ID No. 686) located in Atlanta, Georgia.

PART IV.

Item 15.EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

(a)(1) Financial Statements - The response to this portion of Item 15 is submitted as a separate section of this report.
(2) Financial Statement Schedules - The response to this portion of Item 15 is submitted as a separate section of this report.
(3) Exhibits - Please refer to the Exhibit Index which is attached hereto.

(b)Exhibits - The response to this portion of Item 15 is submitted as a separate section of this report.  See Item 15(a)(3) above.

(c)Financial Statement Schedules - The response to this portion of Item 15 is submitted as a separate section of this report. See Item 15(a)(2).

Item 16. FORM 10-K SUMMARY

None.




SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
Date: March 8, 2023The Dixie Group, Inc.
/s/ DANIEL K. FRIERSON      
By: Daniel K. Frierson
Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer



Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
SignatureCapacityDate
/s/ DANIEL K. FRIERSONChairman of the Board, Director and Chief Executive OfficerMarch 8, 2023
Daniel K. Frierson
/s/ ALLEN L. DANZEYVice President, Chief Financial OfficerMarch 8, 2023
Allen L. Danzey
/s/ D. KENNEDY FRIERSON, JR.Vice President, Chief Operating Officer and DirectorMarch 8, 2023
D. Kennedy Frierson, Jr.
/s/ WILLIAM F. BLUE, JR.DirectorMarch 8, 2023
William F. Blue, Jr.
/s/ CHARLES E. BROCKDirectorMarch 8, 2023
Charles E. Brock
/s/ LOWRY F. KLINEDirectorMarch 8, 2023
Lowry F. Kline
/s/ HILDA S. MURRAYDirectorMarch 8, 2023
Hilda S. Murray
/s/ MICHAEL L. OWENSDirectorMarch 8, 2023
Michael L. Owens 

Table of Contents    23



ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K

ITEM 8 AND ITEM 15(a)(1) AND ITEM 15(a)(2)

LIST OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2022

THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.

DALTON, GEORGIA


Table of Contents    24



FORM 10-K - ITEM 8 and ITEM 15(a)(1) and (2)

THE DIXIE GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

LIST OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES


The following consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedules of The Dixie Group, Inc. and subsidiaries are included in Item 8 and Item 15(a)(1) and 15(c):
Table of ContentsPage
  
  
  
  
  

All other schedules for which provision is made in the applicable accounting regulation of the Securities and Exchange Commission are not required under the related instructions, or are inapplicable, or the information is otherwise shown in the financial statements or notes thereto, and therefore such schedules have been omitted.
Table of Contents    25



Management's Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
Internal control over financial reporting cannot provide absolute assurance of achieving financial reporting objectives because of its inherent limitations. Internal control over financial reporting is a process that involves human diligence and compliance and is subject to lapses in judgment and breakdowns resulting from human failures, as well as diverse interpretation of U. S. generally accepted accounting principles by accounting professionals. It is also possible that internal control over financial reporting can be circumvented by collusion or improper management override. Because of such limitations, there is a risk that material misstatements may not be prevented or detected on a timely basis by internal control over financial reporting. Furthermore, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate. These inherent limitations are known features of the financial reporting process; therefore, while it is possible to design into the process safeguards to reduce such risk, it is not possible to eliminate all risk.

Management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, has used the criteria set forth in the report entitled “Internal Control - Integrated Framework” published by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) to evaluate the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting. Management has concluded that its internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2022, based on those criteria.

/s/ Daniel K. Frierson
Chairman of the Board and
Chief Executive Officer

/s/ Allen L. Danzey
Chief Financial Officer

Table of Contents    26



Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Shareholders, Board of Directors, and Audit Committee of
The Dixie Group, Inc.

Opinion on the Consolidated Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of The Dixie Group, Inc. (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2022 and December 25, 2021, the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2022, and the related notes and schedule listed in the Index at Item 15 (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2022 and December 25, 2021, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2022, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”).
Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures include examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Critical Audit Matter
The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current-period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of a critical audit matter does not alter in any way our opinion on the financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.

Critical Audit Matter – LIFO Reserve
As disclosed in Notes 1 and 5 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company recognizes its inventory using the last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) method, which requires a reserve to adjust the historical cost carrying value of inventory to the lower of LIFO or market. As of December 31, 2022, the LIFO reserve was approximately $25,622,000. There is inherent complexity in the accounting for the LIFO reserve including complex calculations based on inventory pools, changes in those pools, and lower of cost or market adjustments.

We identified the LIFO reserve as a critical audit matter. The principal considerations for that determination included the complexity of the calculations, the judgment required for market adjustments, and the nature and extent of audit effort required to address the matter.

Our audit procedures to test the appropriateness of the LIFO Reserve, among others:

We tested the completeness of the LIFO reserve by evaluating whether all appropriate inventory items were included in the LIFO reserve calculation and in the appropriate category. This included reconciling the inventory used to calculate the LIFO reserve to the inventory subledger.
We independently recalculated management’s LIFO pool calculation, including pool increases or inventory liquidations.
We tested the aggregation of the pools used to arrive at the LIFO reserve, and considered whether methodologies were consistently applied, or that changes, if any, were in accordance with U.S. GAAP.
We tested a sample of inventory items and tested whether the lower of cost or market adjustments made by management were in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

/s/ FORVIS, LLP (Formerly Dixon Hughes Goodman LLP

We have served as the Company's auditor since 2013.
Atlanta, GA
March 8, 2023

Table of Contents    27


THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(amounts in thousands, except share data)
 December 31,
2022
December 25,
2021
ASSETS
CURRENT ASSETS
Cash and cash equivalents$363 $1,471 
Receivables, net25,009 40,291 
Inventories, net83,699 82,739 
Prepaid expenses10,167 9,925 
Current assets of discontinued operations641 5,991 
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS119,879 140,417 
  
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET44,916 48,658 
OPERATING LEASE RIGHT-OF-USE ASSETS20,617 22,534 
OTHER ASSETS15,982 21,138 
LONG-TERM ASSETS OF DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS1,552 2,752 
TOTAL ASSETS$202,946 $235,499 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY  
CURRENT LIABILITIES  
Accounts payable$14,205 $16,748 
Accrued expenses17,667 26,214 
Current portion of long-term debt4,573 3,361 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities2,774 2,528 
Current liabilities of discontinued operations2,447 5,362 
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES41,666 54,213 
LONG-TERM DEBT, NET94,725 73,701 
OPERATING LEASE LIABILITIES18,802 20,692 
OTHER LONG-TERM LIABILITIES12,480 16,030 
LONG-TERM LIABILITIES OF DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS3,759 4,488 
TOTAL LIABILITIES171,432 169,124 
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (See Note 18)
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY  
Common Stock ($3 par value per share):  Authorized 80,000,000 shares, issued and outstanding - 14,453,466 shares for 2022 and 14,792,647 shares for 2021
43,360 44,378 
Class B Common Stock ($3 par value per share): Authorized 16,000,000 shares, issued and outstanding - 1,129,158 shares for 2022 and 1,004,975 shares for 2021
3,388 3,015 
Additional paid-in capital158,331 157,657 
Accumulated deficit(173,784)(138,705)
Accumulated other comprehensive income219 30 
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY31,514 66,375 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY$202,946 $235,499 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.
Table of Contents    28



THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)
 Year Ended
 December 31,
2022
December 25,
2021
NET SALES$303,570 $341,247 
Cost of sales249,946 263,992 
GROSS PROFIT53,624 77,255 
Selling and administrative expenses76,957 67,926 
Other operating (income) expense, net239 (927)
Facility consolidation and severance expenses, net4,584 255 
OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)(28,156)10,001 
Interest expense5,340 4,742 
Other expense, net6 
INCOME (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS BEFORE TAXES(33,502)5,258 
Income tax provision (benefit)(87)105 
INCOME (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS(33,415)5,153 
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax(1,664)(3,537)
NET INCOME (LOSS)$(35,079)$1,616 
BASIC EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE:  
Continuing operations$(2.21)$0.33 
Discontinued operations(0.11)(0.23)
Net income (loss)$(2.32)$0.10 
BASIC SHARES OUTSTANDING15,121 15,114 
DILUTED EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE:  
Continuing operations$(2.21)$0.32 
Discontinued operations(0.11)(0.23)
Net income (loss)$(2.32)$0.09 
DILUTED SHARES OUTSTANDING15,121 15,250 
DIVIDENDS PER SHARE:  
Common Stock$ $— 
Class B Common Stock — 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements. 
Table of Contents    29



THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(amounts in thousands)
 Year Ended
 December 31,
2022
December 25,
2021
NET INCOME (LOSS)$(35,079)$1,616 
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS), NET OF TAX:
Unrealized gain on interest rate swaps 94 
Income taxes — 
Unrealized gain on interest rate swaps, net 94 
Reclassification of (gain) loss into earnings from interest rate swaps (1)(7)135 
Income taxes(2)— 
Reclassification of (gain) loss into earnings from interest rate swaps, net(5)135 
Amortization of unrealized loss on dedesignated interest rate swaps (1)210 511 
Income taxes33 174 
Amortization of unrealized loss on dedesignated interest rate swaps, net177 337 
Unrecognized net actuarial gain on postretirement benefit plans39 18 
Income taxes — 
Unrecognized net actuarial gain on postretirement benefit plans, net39 18 
Reclassification of net actuarial gain into earnings from postretirement benefit plans (2)(22)(24)
Income taxes — 
Reclassification of net actuarial gain into earnings from postretirement benefit plans, net(22)(24)
TOTAL OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME, NET OF TAX189 560 
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)$(34,890)$2,176 

(1) Amounts for cash flow hedges reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to net income (loss) were included in interest expense in the Company's Consolidated Statements of Operations.
(2)     Amounts for postretirement plans reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to net income (loss) were included in selling and administrative expenses in the Company's Consolidated Statements of Operations.

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.
Table of Contents    30



THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(amounts in thousands)
 Year Ended
 December 31,
2022
December 25,
2021
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES  
Income (loss) from continuing operations$(33,415)$5,153 
Loss from discontinued operations(1,664)(3,537)
Net income (loss)(35,079)1,616 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash used in operating activities:  
Depreciation and amortization7,624 8,474 
Benefit for deferred income taxes(31)(69)
Net loss on property, plant and equipment disposals1,003 210 
Stock-based compensation expense766 477 
Bad debt expense62 451 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:  
Receivables15,223 (7,840)
Inventories(960)(14,838)
Prepaid and other current assets(242)(1,946)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses(9,647)7,314 
Other operating assets and liabilities2,121 (4,025)
NET CASH USED IN OPERATING ACTIVITIES(17,496)(6,639)
NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) OPERATING ACTIVITIES - DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS817 (8,770)
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES  
Net proceeds from sales of property, plant and equipment88 19,475 
Purchase of property, plant and equipment(4,579)(4,376)
Investment in joint venture, net of capital distributions(50)— 
NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) INVESTING ACTIVITIES(4,541)15,099 
NET CASH PROVIDED BY INVESTING ACTIVITIES - DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS240 141 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES  
Net borrowings on revolving credit facility18,636 4,806 
Borrowings on notes payable - buildings and other term loans11,000 — 
Payments on notes payable - buildings and other term loans(5,965)(606)
Borrowings on notes payable - equipment and other1,657 1,565 
Payments on notes payable - equipment and other(1,922)(3,883)
Payments on finance leases(1,127)(3,152)
Change in outstanding checks in excess of cash(1,443)1,059 
Repurchases of Common Stock(737)(69)
Payments for debt issuance costs(227)— 
NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED) IN FINANCING ACTIVITIES19,872 (280)
DECREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS(1,108)(449)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD1,471 1,920 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD$363 $1,471 
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION:  
Interest paid$3,409 $3,141 
Interest paid for financing leases1,344 1,483 
Income taxes paid, net of refunds6 982 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease911 4,922 
Escrow funds retained by seller in divestiture 1,025 
Receivable on sale of equipment350 — 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.
Table of Contents    31



THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(amounts in thousands, except share data)
 Common StockClass B Common StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalAccumulated DeficitAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Total Stockholders' Equity
Balance at December 26, 2020$43,672 $2,641 $158,329 $(140,321)$(530)$63,791 
Repurchases of Common Stock - 20,329 shares
(61)— (8)— — (69)
Restricted stock grants issued - 387,680 shares
789 374 (1,163)— — — 
Restricted stock grants forfeited - 7,477 shares
(22)— 18 — — (4)
Class B converted into Common Stock- 2,635 shares
— — — — — — 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 481 — — 481 
Net income— — — 1,616 — 1,616 
Other comprehensive income— — — — 560 560 
Balance at December 25, 2021$44,378 $3,015 $157,657 $(138,705)$30 $66,375 
Repurchases of Common Stock - 640,909 shares
(1,923)— 1,186 — — (737)
Restricted stock grants issued - 427,911 shares
911 373 (1,284)— — — 
Restricted stock grants forfeited - 2,000 shares
(6)— — — — 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 766 — — 766 
Net loss— — — (35,079)— (35,079)
Other comprehensive income— — — — 189 189 
Balance at December 31, 2022$43,360 $3,388 $158,331 $(173,784)$219 $31,514 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

Table of Contents    32


THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)


NOTE 1 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Business

The Company's businesses consist principally of marketing, manufacturing and selling finished carpet, rugs, luxury vinyl flooring and engineered wood flooring in the domestic floorcovering market. Additionally, the Company provides manufacturing support to its carpet businesses through its separate processing operations.

On September 13, 2021, the Company acting by and through its wholly owned operating subsidiary, TDG Operations, LLC, sold its Atlas|Masland commercial business (the “Commercial Business”). As a result of entering into a definitive agreement, the Company has classified the related assets and liabilities associated with its Commercial Business as held for discontinued operations in the Consolidated Balance Sheet. The results of the Commercial Business have been presented as discontinued operations in the Consolidated Statement of Operations for all periods presented as the sale represented a shift in the Company's business that had a major effect on its operations and financial results. Interest expense and general and administrative expenses were not allocated to discontinued operations. See Note 22 for further detail of the Company’s discontinued operations reporting.

Based on applicable accounting standards, the Company has determined that it has one reportable segment, Floorcovering. Prior to the sale of the Commercial Business, the Company had two operating segments, Residential and Commercial that was aggregated into one reportable segment. The Company's Floorcovering products have similar economic characteristics and are similar in all of the following areas: (a) the nature of the products and services; (b) the nature of the production processes; (c) the type or class of customer for their products and services; (d) the methods used to distribute their products or provide their services; and (e) the nature of the regulatory environment.

Unless specifically noted otherwise, footnote disclosures reflect the results of continuing operations only. The results of discontinued operations are presented in Note 22.

Principles of Consolidation

The Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of The Dixie Group, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries (the "Company"). Significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Use of Estimates in the Preparation of Financial Statements

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP") requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates and these differences could be material.

Fiscal Year

The Company ends its fiscal year on the last Saturday of December. All references herein to "2022" and "2021" mean the fiscal years ended December 31, 2022 and December 25, 2021 respectively. Fiscal year 2022 contained 53 weeks and Fiscal year 2021 contained 52 weeks.

Discontinued Operations

The consolidated financial statements separately report discontinued operations and the results of continuing operations (See Note 22).

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less when purchased are reported as cash equivalents.

Market Risk

The Company sells carpet to floorcovering retailers, the interior design, architectural and specifier communities and supplies carpet yarn and carpet dyeing and finishing services to certain manufacturers. The Company's customers are located principally throughout the United States. No customer accounted for more than 10% of net sales in 2022 or 2021, nor did the Company make a significant amount of sales to foreign countries during 2022 or 2021.

Table of Contents    33


THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Credit Risk

The Company grants credit to its customers with defined payment terms, performs ongoing evaluations of the credit worthiness of its customers and generally does not require collateral. Accounts receivable are carried at their outstanding principal amounts, less an anticipated amount for discounts and an allowance for doubtful accounts, which management believes is sufficient to cover potential credit losses based on historical experience and periodic evaluation of the financial condition of the Company's customers. As a percentage of customers trade accounts receivable, one customer accounted for approximately 0% in 2022 and 20% in 2021. Notes receivable are carried at their outstanding principal amounts, less an allowance for doubtful accounts to cover potential credit losses based on the financial condition of borrowers and collateral held by the Company.

Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is determined using the last-in, first-out ("LIFO") method, which generally matches current costs of inventory sold with current revenues, for substantially all inventories.

Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment are stated at the lower of cost or impaired value. Provisions for depreciation and amortization of property, plant and equipment have been computed for financial reporting purposes using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the related assets, ranging from 10 to 40 years for buildings and improvements, and 3 to 10 years for machinery and equipment. Costs to repair and maintain the Company's equipment and facilities are expensed as incurred. Such costs typically include expenditures to maintain equipment and facilities in good repair and proper working condition.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

Long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment when circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be fully recoverable. When the carrying value of the asset exceeds the value of its estimated undiscounted future cash flows, an impairment charge is recognized equal to the difference between the asset's carrying value and its fair value. Fair value is estimated using discounted cash flows, prices for similar assets or other valuation techniques.

Self-Insured Benefit Programs

The Company records liabilities to reflect an estimate of the ultimate cost of claims related to its self-insured medical and dental benefits and workers' compensation. The amounts of such liabilities are based on an analysis of the Company's historical experience for each type of claim.

Income Taxes

The Company recognizes deferred income tax assets and liabilities for the future tax consequences of the differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. The Company evaluates the recoverability of these future tax benefits by assessing the adequacy of future expected taxable income from all sources. In the event that the Company is not able to realize all or a portion of the deferred tax assets in the future, a valuation allowance is provided. The Company recognizes such amounts through a charge to income in the period in which that determination is made or when tax law changes are enacted. The Company accounts for uncertainty in income tax positions according to FASB guidance relating to uncertain tax positions. The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions, if any, in income tax expense.

Derivative Financial Instruments

The Company does not hold speculative financial instruments, nor does it hold or issue financial instruments for trading purposes. The Company used derivative instruments, interest rate swaps, to minimize the effects of interest rate volatility.

The Company recognizes all derivatives at fair value. Derivatives that are designated as cash flow hedges are linked to specific liabilities on the Company's Balance Sheet.  The Company assesses, both at inception and on an ongoing basis, whether the derivatives that are used in hedging transactions are highly effective in offsetting changes in cash flows of the hedged items. When it is determined that a derivative is not highly effective or the derivative expires, is sold, terminated, or exercised, the Company discontinues hedge accounting for that specific hedge instrument. Changes in the fair value of effective cash flow hedges are deferred in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) ("AOCIL") and reclassified to earnings in the same periods during which the hedge transaction affects earnings. Changes in the fair value of derivatives that are not effective cash flow hedges are recognized in results of operations.

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THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Treasury Stock

The Company classifies treasury stock as a reduction to Common Stock for the par value of such shares acquired and the difference between the par value and the price paid for each share recorded either entirely to retained earnings or to additional paid-in-capital for periods in which the Company does not have retained earnings. This presentation reflects the repurchased shares as authorized but unissued as prescribed by state statute.

Revenue Recognition

The Company derives its revenues primarily from the sale of floorcovering products and processing services. Revenues are recognized when control of these products or services is transferred to its customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those products and services. Sales, value add, and other taxes the Company collects concurrent with revenue-producing activities are excluded from revenue. Shipping and handling fees charged to customers are reported within revenue. Incidental items that are immaterial in the context of the contract are recognized as expense. The Company does not have any significant financing components as payment is received at or shortly after the point of sale. The Company determined revenue recognition through the following steps:

Identification of the contract with a customer
Identification of the performance obligations in the contract
Determination of the transaction price
Allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract
Recognition of revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied

Performance Obligations

For performance obligations related to residential floorcovering products, control transfers at a point in time. To indicate the transfer of control, the Company must have a present right to payment, legal title must have passed to the customer and the customer must have the significant risks and rewards of ownership. The Company’s principal terms of sale are FOB Shipping Point and FOB Destination and the Company transfers control and records revenue for product sales either upon shipment or delivery to the customer, respectively. Revenue is allocated to each performance obligation based on its relative stand-alone selling prices. Stand-alone selling prices are based on observable prices at which the Company separately sells the products or services.

Variable Consideration

The nature of the Company’s business gives rise to variable consideration, including rebates, allowances, and returns that generally decrease the transaction price, which reduces revenue. These variable amounts are generally credited to the customer, based on achieving certain levels of sales activity, product returns, or price concessions.

Variable consideration is estimated at the most likely amount that is expected to be earned. Estimated amounts are included in the transaction price to the extent it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. Estimates of variable consideration are estimated based upon historical experience and known trends.

Advertising Costs

The Company engages in promotional and advertising programs. Expenses relating to these programs are charged to results of operations during the period of the related benefits. These arrangements do not require significant estimates of costs. Costs related to cooperative advertising programs are normally recorded as selling and administrative expenses when the Company can reasonably identify the benefit associated with the program and can reasonably estimate that the fair value of the benefit is equal to or greater than its cost. The amount of advertising and promotion expenses included in selling and administrative expenses was not significant for the years 2022 and 2021.

Warranties

The Company generally provides product warranties related to manufacturing defects and specific performance standards for its products for a period of up to two years. The Company accrues for estimated future assurance warranty costs in the period in which the sale is recorded. The costs are included in cost of sales in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and the product warranty reserve is included in accrued expenses in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The Company calculates its accrual using the portfolio approach based upon historical experience and known trends (See Note 8). The Company does not provide an additional service-type warranty.

Table of Contents    35


THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Cost of Sales

Cost of sales includes all costs related to manufacturing the Company's products, including purchasing and receiving costs, inspection costs, warehousing costs, freight costs, internal transfer costs or other costs of the Company's distribution network.

Selling and Administrative Expenses

Selling and administrative expenses include all costs, not included in cost of sales, related to the sale and marketing of the Company's products and general administration of the Company's business.

Operating Leases

The Company determines if an arrangement is an operating lease or a financing lease at inception. A lease exists if the Company obtains substantially all of the economic benefits of, and has the right to control the use of, an asset for a period of time. Right-of-use assets represent the Company's right to use an underlying asset for the lease term, and lease liabilities represent the Company's obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease agreement. Lease assets and obligations are recognized at the lease commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the term of the lease. Right-of-use assets may also be adjusted to reflect any prepayments made or any incentive payments received. Generally, the Company's leases do not provide a readily determinable implicit interest rate, therefore, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate, which is based on information available at the lease commencement date, to determine the present value of lease payments.

The Company has operating leases primarily for real estate and equipment used in manufacturing. Operating lease expense is recognized in continuing operations on a straight-line basis over the lease term within cost of sales and selling and administrative expenses. Financing lease expense is comprised of both interest expense, which is recognized using the effective interest method, and amortization of the right-of-use assets. These expenses are presented consistently with the presentation of other interest expense and amortization or depreciation of similar assets. In determining lease asset values, the Company considers fixed and variable payment terms, prepayments, incentives, and options to extend, terminate or purchase. Renewal, termination, or purchase options affect the lease term used for determining lease asset value only if the option is reasonably certain to be exercised. The Company does not recognize a right-of-use asset and lease liability for leases with a term of twelve months or less.

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company recognizes compensation expense relating to stock-based payments based on the fair value of the equity or liability instrument issued. Restricted stock grants with pro-rata vesting are expensed using the straight-line method. (Terms of the Company's awards are specified in Note 16). The Company accounts for forfeitures when they actually occur.

NOTE 2 - RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

Accounting Standards Yet to Be Adopted

In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which was further amended by additional accounting standards updates issued by the FASB. The new standard replaced the incurred loss impairment methodology for recognizing credit losses with a new methodology that requires recognition of lifetime expected credit losses when a financial asset is originated or purchased, even if the risk of loss is remote. The new methodology (referred to as the current expected credit losses model, or "CECL") applies to most financial assets measured at amortized cost, including trade receivables, and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to estimate expected credit losses. The Company will adopt the new standard effective January 1, 2023 using a modified retrospective transition approach, with the cumulative impact being immaterial to the financial statements.

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THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)


NOTE 3 - REVENUE

Disaggregation of Revenue from Contracts with Customers

The following table disaggregates the Company’s revenue from continuing and discontinued operations by end-user markets:
20222021
Residential floorcovering products, continuing operations$297,195 $337,974 
Commercial floorcovering products, discontinued operations7,790 48,070 
Other services, continuing operations6,375 3,273 
Total net sales, continuing and discontinued operations$311,360 $389,317 

Residential floorcovering products. Residential floorcovering products include broadloom carpet, rugs, luxury vinyl flooring and engineered hardwood. These products are sold into the designer, retailer, mass merchant and builder markets.

Commercial floorcovering products. Commercial floorcovering products include broadloom carpet, carpet tile, rugs, and luxury vinyl flooring. These products are sold into the corporate, hospitality, healthcare, government, and education markets through the use of designers, architects, flooring contractors and independent retailers.

Other services. Other services include carpet yarn processing and carpet dyeing services.

Contract Balances

Other than receivables that represent an unconditional right to consideration, which are presented separately (See Note 4), the Company does not recognize any contract assets which give conditional rights to receive consideration, as the Company does not incur costs to obtain customer contracts that are recoverable. The Company often receives cash payments from customers in advance of the Company’s performance for limited production run orders resulting in contract liabilities. These contract liabilities are classified in accrued expenses in the Consolidated Balance Sheets based on the timing of when the Company expects to recognize revenue, which is typically less than a year. The net decrease or increase in the contract liabilities is primarily driven by order activity for limited runs requiring deposits offset by the recognition of revenue and application of deposit on the receivables ledger for such activity during the period. The activity in the advanced deposits for continuing operations are as follows:

20222021
Beginning contract liability$1,285 $1,005 
Revenue recognized from contract liabilities included in the beginning balance(1,104)(927)
Increases due to cash received, net of amounts recognized in revenue during the period874 1,207 
Ending contract liability$1,055 $1,285 

NOTE 4 - RECEIVABLES, NET

Receivables are summarized as follows:
20222021
Customers, trade$23,111 $37,148 
Other receivables2,009 3,251 
Gross receivables25,120 40,399 
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts(111)(108)
Receivables, net$25,009 $40,291 

Bad debt expense was $62 in 2022 and $451 in 2021.

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THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)


NOTE 5 - INVENTORIES, NET

Inventories are summarized as follows:
20222021
Raw materials$29,209 $35,337 
Work-in-process13,028 15,186 
Finished goods67,018 62,592 
Supplies and other66 122 
LIFO reserve(25,622)(30,498)
Inventories, net$83,699 $82,739 

NOTE 6 - PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET

Property, plant and equipment consists of the following:
20222021
Land and improvements$3,417 $3,422 
Buildings and improvements51,132 51,430 
Machinery and equipment155,317 158,248 
Assets under construction1,606 811 
211,472 213,911 
Accumulated depreciation(166,556)(165,253)
Property, plant and equipment, net$44,916 $48,658 

Depreciation of property, plant and equipment, including amounts for finance leases, totaled $7,412 in 2022 and $8,272 in 2021.

NOTE 7 - ACCRUED EXPENSES

Accrued expenses are summarized as follows:
20222021
Compensation and benefits (1)$5,579 $10,703 
Provision for customer rebates, claims and allowances6,465 7,562 
Advanced customer deposits1,055 1,285 
Outstanding checks in excess of cash1,711 3,153 
Other2,857 3,511 
Accrued expenses$17,667 $26,214 

(1)Includes a liability related to the Company's self-insured Workers' Compensation program.  This program is collateralized by letters of credit in the aggregate amount of $3,358. The Company has other letters of credit outstanding totaling $851.

NOTE 8 - PRODUCT WARRANTY RESERVES

The Company generally provides product warranties related to manufacturing defects and specific performance standards for its products. Product warranty reserves are included in accrued expenses in the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets. The following is a summary of the Company's product warranty activity for continuing operations:
 20222021
Product warranty reserve at beginning of period$1,050 $895 
Warranty liabilities accrued597 636 
Warranty liabilities settled(705)(481)
Product warranty reserve at end of period$942 $1,050 

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THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)


NOTE 9 - LONG-TERM DEBT AND CREDIT ARRANGEMENTS

Long-term debt consists of the following:
20222021
Revolving credit facility$51,794 $33,158 
Term loans24,547 24,781 
Notes payable - buildings10,752 5,484 
Notes payable - equipment and other1,342 1,607 
Finance lease - buildings10,597 10,873 
Finance lease obligations2,063 2,913 
Deferred financing costs, net(1,797)(1,754)
Total long-term debt99,298 77,062 
Less: current portion of long-term debt4,573 3,361 
Long-term debt$94,725 $73,701 

Revolving Credit Facility

On October 30, 2020, the Company entered into a $75,000 Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility with Fifth Third Bank National Association as lender. The loan is secured by a first priority security interest on all accounts receivable, cash, and inventory, and provides for borrowing limited by certain percentages of values of the accounts receivable and inventory. The revolving credit facility matures on October 30, 2025.

The Company has transitioned its benchmark rate LIBOR to SOFR during fourth quarter of 2022. At the Company's election, advances of the revolving credit facility bear interest at annual rates equal to either (a) SOFR (plus a 0.10% SOFR adjustment) for 1 or 3 month periods, as defined with a floor of 0.75% or published SOFR and previously LIBOR, plus an applicable margin ranging between 1.50% and 2.00%, or (b) the higher of the prime rate plus an applicable margin ranging between 0.50% and 1.00%. The applicable margin is determined based on availability under the revolving credit facility with margins increasing as availability decreases. The applicable margin can be increased by 0.50% if the fixed charge coverage ratio is below a 1.10 to 1.00 ratio. As of December 31, 2022, the applicable margin on the Company's revolving credit facility was 2.50% for SOFR and 1.50% for Prime due to the fixed charge coverage ratio being below 1.10 to 1.00. The Company pays an unused line fee on the average amount by which the aggregate commitments exceed utilization of the revolving credit facility equal to 0.25% per annum. The weighted-average interest rate on borrowings outstanding under the revolving credit facility was 6.81% at December 31, 2022 and 3.00% for December 25, 2021.

The agreement is subject to customary terms and conditions and annual administrative fees with pricing varying on excess availability and a fixed charge coverage ratio. The agreement is also subject to certain compliance, affirmative, and financial covenants. As of the reporting date, the Company is in compliance with all such applicable financial covenants or has obtained an appropriate waiver for such applicable financial covenants. The Company is only subject to the financial covenants if borrowing availability is less than $8,919, which is equal to 12.5% of the lesser of the total loan availability of $75,000 or total collateral available, and remains until the availability is greater than 12.5% for thirty consecutive days. As of December 31, 2022, the unused borrowing availability under the revolving credit facility was $15,347.

Term Loans

Effective October 28, 2020, the Company entered into a $10,000 principal amount USDA Guaranteed term loan with AmeriState Bank as lender. The term of the loan is 25 years and bears interest at a minimum 5.00% rate or 4.00% above 5-year treasury, to be reset every 5 years at 3.5% above 5-year treasury. The loan is secured by a first mortgage on the Company’s Atmore, Alabama and Roanoke, Alabama facilities.

Effective October 29, 2020, the Company entered into a $15,000 principal amount USDA Guaranteed term loan with the Greater Nevada Credit Union as lender. The term of the loan is 10 years and bears interest at a minimum 5.00% rate or 4.00% above 5- year treasury, to be reset after 5 years at 3.5% above 5-year treasury. Payments on the loan are interest only over the first three years and principal and interest over the remaining seven years. The loan is secured by a first lien on a substantial portion of the Company’s machinery and equipment and a second lien on the Company’s Atmore and Roanoke facilities.

Table of Contents    39


THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Notes Payable - Buildings

On November 7, 2014, the Company entered into a ten-year $8,330 note payable to purchase a previously leased distribution center in Adairsville, Georgia (the "Property"). The note payable was scheduled to mature on November 7, 2024, and was secured by the Property. The note payable bears interest at a variable rate equal to one-month LIBOR plus 2.0% and was payable in equal monthly installments of principal of $35, plus interest calculated on the declining balance of the note, with a final payment of $4,165 due on maturity. In addition, the Company entered into an interest rate swap with an amortizing notional amount effective November 7, 2014 which effectively fixed the interest rate at 4.50%. On March 16, 2022, the Company entered into a twenty-year $11,000 note payable to refinance its existing note payable on the Property. The refinanced note payable bears interest at a fixed annual rate of 3.81%. Concurrent with the closing of this note, the Company paid off the existing note secured by the Property in the amount of $5,456 and terminated the existing interest rate swap agreement. The refinanced note is secured by the Property and a guarantee of the Company.

Debt Covenant Compliance and Liquidity Considerations

The Company's agreements for its Revolving Credit Facility and its term loans include certain compliance, affirmative, and financial covenants and, as of the reporting date, the Company is in compliance with or has received waivers for all such financial covenants.

In the Company's self-assessment of going concern, with reflection on the Company's operating loss in 2022, the Company considered its future ability to comply with the financial covenants in its existing debt agreements. Accounting Standards Update 2014-15 as issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board requires Company management to perform a going concern self-assessment each annual and interim reporting period. In performing its evaluation, management considered known and reasonably knowable information as of the reporting date. The Company also considered the significant unfavorable impact if it were unable to maintain compliance with financial covenants by its primary lenders. As part of the evaluation, the Company considered cost reductions that began in 2022 related to its change to lower cost raw materials, decreased freight expense on imported goods and cost reductions implemented under its East Coast Consolidation Plan, as well as plans for the sale and leaseback of existing assets. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of the uncertainty of the ability to maintain compliance with the financial covenants.

Notes Payable - Equipment and Other

The Company's equipment and other financing notes have terms up to 1 year, bear interest ranging from 3.99% to 4.75% and are due in monthly installments through their maturity dates. The Company's equipment and other notes do not contain any financial covenants.
Finance Lease - Buildings

On January 14, 2019, the Company, entered into a purchase and sale agreement (the “Purchase and Sale Agreement”) with Saraland Industrial, LLC, an Alabama limited liability company (the “Purchaser”). Pursuant to the terms of the Purchase and Sale Agreement, the Company sold its Saraland facility, and approximately 17.12 acres of surrounding property located in Saraland, Alabama (the “Property”) to the Purchaser for a purchase price of $11,500. Concurrent with the sale of the Property, the Company and the Purchaser entered into a twenty-year lease agreement (the “Lease Agreement”), whereby the Company will lease back the Property at an annual rental rate of $977, subject to annual rent increases of 1.25%. Under the Lease Agreement, the Company has two (2) consecutive options to extend the term of the Lease by ten years for each such option. This transaction was recorded as a failed sale and leaseback. The Company recorded a liability for the amounts received, will continue to depreciate the asset, and has imputed an interest rate so that the net carrying amount of the financial liability and remaining assets will be zero at the end of the lease term.

Finance Lease Obligations

The Company's financed lease obligations are due in monthly installments through their maturity dates. The Company's finance lease obligations are secured by the specific equipment leased.




Table of Contents    40


THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Debt Maturities

Maturities of long-term debt for periods following December 31, 2022 are as follows:
 Long-Term
Debt
Finance Leases (See Note 10)Total
2023$2,252 $2,321 $4,573 
20242,484 325 2,809 
202554,403 357 54,760 
20262,739 396 3,135 
20272,876 439 3,315 
Thereafter23,681 8,822 32,503 
Total maturities of long-term debt$88,435 $12,660 $101,095 
Deferred financing costs, net(1,797)— (1,797)
Total long-term debt$86,638 $12,660 $99,298 

NOTE 10 - LEASES

Balance sheet information related to right-of-use assets and liabilities is as follows:
Balance Sheet Location20222021
Operating Leases:
Operating lease right-of-use assetsOperating lease right-of-use assets$20,617 $22,534 
Current portion of operating lease liabilitiesCurrent portion of operating lease liabilities$2,774 $2,528 
Noncurrent portion of operating lease liabilitiesOperating lease liabilities18,802 20,692 
Total operating lease liabilities$21,576 $23,220 
Finance Leases:
Finance lease right-of-use assets (1)Property, plant, and equipment, net$5,250 $10,111 
Current portion of finance lease liabilities (1)Current portion of long-term debt$2,321 $1,104 
Noncurrent portion of finance lease liabilities (1)Long-term debt10,339 12,683 
Total financing lease liabilities$12,660 $13,787 
(1) Includes leases classified as failed sale-leaseback transactions.

Lease cost recognized in the consolidated financial statements is summarized as follows:
20222021
Operating lease cost$4,192 $4,479 
Finance lease cost:
     Amortization of lease assets (1)$875 $2,069 
     Interest on lease liabilities (1)1,344 1,483 
Total finance lease costs (1)$2,219 $3,552 
(1) Includes leases classified as failed sale-leaseback transactions.


Table of Contents    41


THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Other supplemental information related to leases is summarized as follows:
20222021
Weighted average remaining lease term (in years):
     Operating leases6.637.65
     Finance leases (1)13.5913.82
Weighted average discount rate:
     Operating leases6.40 %6.30 %
     Finance leases (1)9.60 %9.73 %
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
     Operating cash flows from operating leases$3,972 $4,395 
     Operating cash flows from finance leases (1)1,344 1,483 
     Financing cash flows from finance leases (1)1,127 3,152 
(1) Includes leases classified as failed sale-leaseback transactions.

The following table summarizes the Company's undiscounted future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable contractual obligations for operating and financing lease liabilities as of year end:
Fiscal YearOperating LeasesFinance Leases
2023$4,072 $3,324 
20243,999 1,045 
20253,915 1,053 
20263,707 1,066 
20273,759 1,080 
Thereafter7,244 12,838 
Total future minimum lease payments (undiscounted)26,696 20,406 
Less: Present value discount5,120 7,746 
Total lease liability$21,576 $12,660 

NOTE 11 - FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

Fair value is defined as the exchange value of an asset or a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. The fair value guidance outlines a valuation framework and establishes a fair value hierarchy in order to increase the consistency and comparability of fair value measurements and disclosures. The hierarchy consists of three levels as follows:

Level 1 - Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the reported date;

Level 2 - Other than quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities, quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, and other than quoted prices for assets or liabilities and prices that are derived principally from or corroborated by market data by correlation or other means; and

Level 3 - Measurements using management's best estimate of fair value, where the determination of fair value requires significant management judgment or estimation.

Table of Contents    42


THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)


The following table reflects the fair values of assets and liabilities measured and recognized at fair value on a recurring basis on the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets:
 20222021Fair Value Hierarchy Level
Liabilities:  
Interest rate swaps (1)$ $210 Level 2

(1)     The Company used certain external sources in deriving the fair value of the interest rate swaps. The interest rate swaps were valued using observable inputs (e.g., LIBOR yield curves, credit spreads). Valuations of interest rate swaps may fluctuate considerably from period-to-period due to volatility in underlying interest rates, which are driven by market conditions and the duration of the instrument. Credit adjustments could have a significant impact on the valuations due to changes in credit ratings of the Company or its counterparties.

The carrying amounts and estimated fair values of the Company's financial instruments are summarized as follows:
 20222021
 CarryingFairCarryingFair
 AmountValueAmountValue
Financial assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents$363 $363 $1,471 $1,471 
Financial liabilities:  
Long-term debt, including current portion86,638 76,684 63,275 61,721 
Finance leases, including current portion12,660 11,576 13,787 16,389 
Interest rate swaps  210 210 

The fair values of the Company's long-term debt and finance leases were estimated using market rates the Company believes would be available for similar types of financial instruments and represent level 2 measurements. The fair values of cash and cash equivalents and notes receivable approximate their carrying amounts due to the short-term nature of the financial instruments.

NOTE 12 - DERIVATIVES

The Company's earnings, cash flows and financial position are exposed to market risks relating to interest rates. It is the Company's policy to minimize its exposure to adverse changes in interest rates and manage interest rate risks inherent in funding the Company with debt. The Company addresses this risk by maintaining a mix of fixed and floating rate debt and occasionally entering into interest rate swaps for a portion of its variable rate debt to minimize interest rate volatility.

As of December 31, 2022, the Company had no interest rate swaps outstanding. The following is a summary of the Company's interest rate swaps as of December 25, 2021:
TypeNotional AmountEffective DateFixed RateVariable Rate
Interest rate swap$5,796 (1)November 7, 2014 through November 7, 20244.500%1 Month LIBOR

The following table summarizes the fair values of derivative instruments included in the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets:
Location on Consolidated Balance SheetsFair Value
20222021
Liability Derivatives:
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
Interest rate swaps, current portionAccrued Expenses$ $110 
Interest rate swaps, long-term portionOther Long-Term Liabilities 100 
Total Liability Derivatives$ $210 

Table of Contents    43    


THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)


The following tables summarize the pre-tax impact of derivative instruments on the Company's consolidated financial statements:
 Amount of Gain or (Loss) Recognized in AOCIL on the effective portion of the Derivative
 20222021
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:  
Cash flow hedges - interest rate swaps$ $94 
 Amount of Gain or (Loss) Reclassified from AOCIL on the effective portion into Income (1)(2)
 20222021
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:  
Cash flow hedges - interest rate swaps$(7)$135 
Amount of Gain or (Loss) Recognized on the Dedesignated Portion in Income on Derivative (3)
20222021
Derivatives dedesignated as hedging instruments:
Cash flow hedges - interest rate swaps$210 $511 

(1)The amount of gain (loss) reclassified from AOCIL is included in interest expense on the Company's Consolidated Statements of Operations.
(2)The amount of gain (loss) expected to be reclassified from AOCIL into earnings during the next 12 months subsequent to December 31, 2022 is $0.
(3)The amount of gain (loss) recognized in income on the dedesignated and terminated portions of interest rate swaps is included in interest expense on the Company's Consolidated Statements of Operations.

On March 16, 2022, the Company terminated an interest rate swap agreement tied to a note payable secured by its facility in Adairsville, Georgia. The settlement payment to terminate the swap agreement was $73. Because it was probable that none of the remaining forecasted interest payments that were being hedged would occur, the related losses in the amount of $177, net of tax, that had been deferred in AOCIL were reclassified into interest expense.

NOTE 13 - EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS

Defined Contribution Plans

The Company sponsors a 401(k) defined contribution plan that covers a significant portion, or approximately 89% of the Company's associates. This plan includes a mandatory Company match on the first 1% of participants' contributions. The Company matches the next 2% of participants' contributions if the Company meets prescribed earnings levels. The plan also provides for additional Company contributions above the 3% level if the Company attains certain additional performance targets. Matching contribution expense for this 401(k) plan was $254 in 2022 and $1,176 in 2021.

Additionally, the Company sponsors a 401(k) defined contribution plan that covers those associates at one facility who are under a collective-bargaining agreement, or approximately 11% of the Company's associates. Under this plan, the Company generally matches participants' contributions, on a sliding scale, up to a maximum of 2.75% of the participant's earnings. Matching contribution expense for the collective-bargaining 401(k) plan was $67 in 2022 and $101 in 2021.

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THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Non-Qualified Retirement Savings Plan

The Company sponsors a non-qualified retirement savings plan that allows eligible associates to defer a specified percentage of their compensation. The obligations for continuing operations owed to participants under this plan were $12,346 at December 31, 2022 and $15,794 at December 25, 2021 and are included in other long-term liabilities in the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets. The obligations for discontinued operations owed to participants under this plan were $1,304 at December 31, 2022 and $2,218 at December 25, 2021 and are included in long term liabilities of discontinued operations in the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets. The obligations are unsecured general obligations of the Company and the participants have no right, interest or claim in the assets of the Company, except as unsecured general creditors. The Company utilizes a Rabbi Trust to hold, invest and reinvest deferrals and contributions under the plan. Amounts are invested in Company-owned life insurance in the Rabbi Trust and the cash surrender value of the policies for continuing operations was $12,296 at December 31, 2022 and $16,608 at December 25, 2021 and is included in other assets in the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets. The cash surrender value of the policies for discontinued operations was $1,304 at December 31, 2022 and $2,218 at December 25, 2021 and is included in long-term assets of discontinued operations in the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Multi-Employer Pension Plan

Recognized within discontinued operations, the Company contributes to a multi-employer pension plan under the terms of a collective-bargaining agreement that covers its union-represented employees. These union-represented employees represented approximately 11% of the Company's total employees. The risks of participating in multi-employer plans are different from single-employer plans. If a participating employer stops contributing to the plan, the unfunded obligations of the plan may be borne by the remaining participating employers. If the Company chooses to stop participating in the multi-employer plan, the Company may be required to pay the plan an amount based on the underfunded status of the plan, referred to as a withdrawal liability.

The Company's participation in the multi-employer pension plan for 2022 is provided in the table below. The "EIN/Pension Plan Number" column provides the Employee Identification Number (EIN) and the three digit plan number. The most recent Pension Protection Act (PPA) zone status available in 2022 and 2021 is for the plan's year-end at 2021 and 2020, respectively. The zone status is based on information that the Company received from the plan and is certified by the plan's actuary. Among other factors, plans in the red zone are generally less than 65% funded, plans in the yellow zone are less than 80% funded and plans in the green zone are at least 80% funded. The "FIP/RP Status Pending/Implemented" column indicates a plan for which a financial improvement plan (FIP) or a rehabilitation plan (RP) is either pending or has been implemented. The last column lists the expiration date of the collective-bargaining agreement to which the plan is subject.

Pension FundEIN/Pension Plan NumberPension Protection Act Zone StatusFIP/RP Status Pending/Implemented (1)Contributions (2)Surcharge Imposed (1)Expiration Date of Collective-Bargaining Agreement
20222021202220212020
The Pension Plan of the National Retirement Fund13-6130178 - 001RedRedImplemented$151 $280 $272 Yes6/4/2023

(1) The collective-bargaining agreement requires the Company to contribute to the plan at the rate of $0.47 per compensated hour for each covered employee. The Company will make additional contributions, as mandated by law, in accordance with the fund's 2010 Rehabilitation Plan which required a surcharge equal to $0.03 per hour (from $0.47 to $0.50) effective June 1, 2014 to May 31, 2015, a surcharge equal to $0.03 per hour (from $0.50 to $0.53) effective June 1, 2015 to May 31, 2016, a surcharge equal to $0.02 per hour (from $0.53 to $0.55) effective June 1, 2016 to May 31, 2017, a surcharge equal to $0.03 per hour (from $0.55 to $0.58) effective June 1, 2017 to May 31, 2018, a surcharge equal to $0.02 per hour (from $0.58 to $0.60) effective June 1, 2018 to May 31, 2019, a surcharge equal to $0.03 per hour (from $0.60 to $0.63) effective June 1, 2019 to May 31, 2020, a surcharge equal to $0.03 per hour (from $0.63 to $0.66) effective June 1, 2020 to May 31, 2021, a surcharge equal to $0.03 per hour (from $0.66 to $0.69) effective June 1, 2021 to May 31, 2022 and a surcharge equal to $0.03 per hour (from $0.69 to $0.72) effective June 1, 2022 to May 31, 2023. Based upon current employment and benefit levels, the Company's contributions to the multi-employer pension plan are expected to be approximately $14 for 2023.
(2) The Company's contributions to the plan do not represent more than 5% of the total contributions to the plan for the most recent plan year available.

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THE DIXIE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Postretirement Plans

The Company sponsors a postretirement benefit plan that provides life insurance to a limited number of associates upon retirement as part of a collective bargaining agreement.

Information about the benefit obligation and funded status of the Company's postretirement benefit plan is summarized as follows:
 20222021
Change in benefit obligation:  
Benefit obligation at beginning of year$396 $390 
Service cost8 
Interest cost15 16 
Actuarial gain(39)(17)
Benefits paid(1)(1)
Benefit obligation at end of year379 396 
Change in plan assets:  
Fair value of plan assets at beginning of year — 
Employer contributions1 
Benefits paid(1)(1)
Fair value of plan assets at end of year — 
Unfunded amount$(379)