Item 6. Indemnification of Directors and Officers
The Tennessee Business Corporation Act (the “TBCA”) governs permissive and mandatory indemnification of officers and directors of Tennessee corporations who are made parties to any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceedings, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative and whether formal or informal (collectively, a “Proceeding”) by reason of their service to the corporation in such capacity. In general, a Tennessee corporation may indemnify a director of the corporation against liability if the director's conduct was in good faith and the director reasonably believed that his conduct was in the best interest of the corporation with respect to his conduct in his official capacity with the corporation, and was at least not opposed to the corporation's best interest in all other cases. In the case of any criminal Proceeding, a corporation may indemnify a director against liability if the director had no reasonable cause to believe his conduct was unlawful. The TBCA specifically provides that a
director's conduct with respect to an employee benefit plan for a purpose the director reasonably believed to be in the interests of the participants in and beneficiaries of the plan is conduct which satisfies the requirement that the director's conduct was at least not opposed to the corporation's best interest. The termination of a Proceeding by judgment, order, settlement, conviction, or upon a plea of nolo contendere or its equivalent is not, of itself, determinative that the director did not meet the standard of conduct described in this paragraph.
A Tennessee corporation may not indemnify a director in connection with a Proceeding by or in the right of the corporation in which the director was judged liable or in connection with a Proceeding charging improper personal benefit, whether or not in the director's official capacity, in which the director was found to have, in fact, benefited improperly.
Unless limited by its Charter, a Tennessee corporation must indemnify a director who was wholly successful, on the merits or otherwise, in the defense of any Proceeding to which the director was a party because the director is or was a director of the corporation against reasonable expenses incurred by the director in connection with the Proceeding.
The TBCA allows a Tennessee corporation to pay for or reimburse the reasonable expenses incurred by a director who is a party to a Proceeding in advance of final disposition of the Proceeding if: (i) the director furnishes the corporation with a written affirmation of the director's good faith belief that he has met the standards of conduct discussed above; (ii) the director furnishes the corporation with a written undertaking, executed personally or on his behalf, to repay the advance if it is ultimately determined that that director did not meet the appropriate standard of conduct; and (iii) a determination is made that the facts then known to those making the determination would not preclude indemnification under the TBCA. The undertaking which the director furnishes the corporation must be an unlimited general obligation of the director, but it need not be secured and may be accepted without reference to financial ability to make repayment.
Unless a corporation's Charter provides otherwise, the TBCA allows a director who is a party to a Proceeding to apply for indemnification to the court conducting the Proceeding or to another court of competent jurisdiction. On receipt of an application, the court, after giving any notice the court considers necessary, may order indemnification if it determines that the director is entitled to mandatory indemnification under the TBCA (in which case the court shall also order the corporation to pay the director's reasonable expenses to obtain court- ordered indemnification), or if it determines that the director is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnification in view of all the relevant circumstances, whether or not the director has met the standard of conduct for permissive indemnification. If, however, the court determines that a director who was adjudged liable to the corporation in a Proceeding by or in the right of the corporation, or where the director received an improper personal benefit, is nonetheless "entitled to indemnification in view of all the relevant circumstances," such indemnification is limited to the director's reasonable expenses incurred in connection with the Proceeding.
A Tennessee corporation may not indemnify a director (or advance expenses) under the TBCA unless authorized in the specific case following a determination that the indemnification is permissible. The determination must be made (i) by vote of a majority of a quorum of the board of directors not parties to the Proceeding; (ii) if such a quorum cannot be obtained, by a majority vote of a special committee designated by the board consisting solely of two or more members of the board who are not parties to the Proceeding; (iii) by independent legal counsel selected either by the majority of the nonparty quorum, by a majority of the designated committee, or, if neither of the foregoing are possible, by a majority of the full board; or (iv) by the shareholders, without the vote of shares held by or under the control of directors who are parties to the Proceeding. Authorization of indemnification and the determination of reasonableness of expenses shall be determined in the same manner as the permissibility of indemnification; provided, that if permissibility of indemnification is determined by special legal counsel, the authorization of indemnification and determination of reasonableness regarding expenses shall be made by the body which selected the special legal counsel.
An officer of a corporation, regardless of whether he is a director, is entitled to indemnification and to the advance of expenses to the same extent as a director. The corporation may voluntarily indemnify and advance expenses under the TBCA to an officer, employee, or agent of the corporation to the extent, consistent with public policy, that may be provided by its Charter, bylaws, general or specific action of its Board of Directors, or by contract. The TBCA also provides, however, that no such indemnification may be provided to any director or officer of the corporation if a judgment or other final adjudication establishes such director's or officer's liability for: (i) breach of his duty of loyalty to the corporation or its shareholders; (ii) acts or omissions not done in good faith or which involve intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law; or (iii) participation in an unlawful distribution to one or more shareholders
in violation of the TBCA. The foregoing restrictions do not apply, however, to any contractual or other indemnification provided (to the extent consistent with the charter) to employees or agents who are not directors or officers of the corporation.
The TBCA provides that a corporation may purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of an individual who is or was a director, officer, employee, or agent of the corporation or who, while a director, officer, employee, or agent of the corporation, is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a director, officer, partner, trustee, employee, or agent of another foreign or domestic corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan, or other enterprise, against liability asserted against or incurred by the individual in that capacity or arising from the individual's status as a director, officer, employee, or agent, whether or not the corporation would otherwise have the power to indemnify the individual against the same liability under the TBCA.
Paragraph 8 of Part I of the Company’s Restated Charter, as amended (the "Dixie Charter") allows indemnification to the fullest extent authorized by the TBCA, as the same exists as of the date of adoption of the Dixie Charter or as later amended, of the Company’s directors for liability to the corporation or its shareholders for money damages for breach of fiduciary duty as a director; provided that, unless and to the extent so provided by Tennessee law, the foregoing shall not eliminate liability for any breach of the director's duty of loyalty to the corporation or its shareholders, for acts or omissions not in good faith or which involve intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law, or for unlawful distributions.
Article 11 of the Amended and Restated By-Laws of the Company provides that the Company’s officers and directors (or their administrators or executors, as applicable) are entitled to indemnification against liability asserted against or incurred by any such person in such capacity, or arising out of such person's status as an officer or director of the Company, as well as to the advancement of expenses incurred in defending against any such liability, each to the fullest extent permitted by Tennessee law. Article 11 also provides that the Company may purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any person who is or was serving at the Company’s request as a director, officer, employee or agent of the Company, or of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise at the Company’s request, against any liability asserted against or incurred by any such person in such capacity, or arising out of such status, regardless of whether Article 11 gives the Company the power to indemnify any such person.
The Company and its directors and officers are insured under a Directors' and Officers' Liability Insurance Policy. Additionally, one or more of the directors or officers of the Company may be beneficiaries of insurance policies or agreements which provide for indemnification of liabilities arising from their services as directors or officers of the Company and which are not provided by Dixie.
Item 8. Exhibits
Exhibit Number Description of Exhibit
4.1 Text of Restated Charter of The Dixie Group, Inc. as Amended - Blackline Version (incorporated by reference to Exhibit (3.4) to the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 27, 2003).
4.2 Amended By-Laws of The Dixie Group, Inc. as of February 22, 2007 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated February 26 2007).
5.1 Opinion of Miller & Martin PLLC (filed herewith).
10.1 The Dixie Group, Inc. Omnibus Equity Incentive Plan (as previously filed with the Commission on March 29, 2022 as Annex A to the Proxy Statement for the Registrant’s Annual Meeting of Shareholders held May 4, 2022) (filed herewith).
23.1 Consent of Miller & Martin PLLC (included in Exhibit 5.1)
23.2 Consent of Dixon Hughes Goodman LLP, Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm (filed herewith).
24 Powers of Attorney (included in Signatures page of this Registration Statement).
107 Calculation of filing fee (filed herewith).
Item 9. Undertakings
A. The Registrant hereby undertakes:
(1) To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:
(i) To include any prospectus required by section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933;
(ii) To reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information in the registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price represent no more than a 20% change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the "Calculation of Registration Fee" table in the effective registration statement;
(iii) To include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registration statement;
Provided, however, that paragraphs (A)(l)(i) and (A)(l)(ii) of this section do not apply if the registration statement is on Form S-3 or Form S-8 or Form F-3, and the information required to be included in a post-effective amendment by those paragraphs is contained in periodic reports filed with or furnished to the Commission by the registrant pursuant to section 13 or section 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that are incorporated by reference in the registration statement.
(2) That, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
(3) To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.
B. The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that, for purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each filing of the registrant's annual report pursuant to section 13(a) or section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (and, where applicable, each filing of an employee benefit plan's annual report pursuant to section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) that is incorporated by reference in the registration statement shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
C. Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act of 1933 may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.